Are We Spiritual Machines? Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of Strong A.I.

June 8, 2001
Author:
Jay W. Richards, Ray Kurzweil, George Gilder
Publisher:
Discovery Institute (6/1/2001)

Computers are becoming more powerful at an ever-increasing rate, but will they ever become conscious? Artificial intelligence guru Ray Kurzweil thinks so and explains how we will “download” our software (our minds) and “upgrade” our hardware (our bodies) to become immortal — before the dawn of the 22nd century.

In this debate with his critics, including several Discovery Institute fellows, Kurzweil defends his views and sets the stage for the central question: “What does it mean to be human?”