K. Eric Drexler
July 11, 2009
Eric Drexler is a researcher, author, and policy advocate focused on emerging technologies and their consequences for the future. Noting that technological advances have caused some of the deepest transformations in human history, he studies emerging technologies with the power to cause future global transformations. Rather than concentrating solely on the immediate laboratory aspects of emerging technologies, where many scientists work in an array of narrow fields, Eric Drexler has chosen to focus on longer-term developments and their potential economic and social consequences, a broad area often neglected or overshadowed in the study of technological change. An advocate of long-term perspectives in policymaking, Eric writes and lectures widely on the implications of emerging technologies for our future. He is presently Chief Technical Advisor of Nanorex, a company developing software for the design and simulation of molecular machine systems.
In 1981, exploring a vision articulated by Richard Feynman, Drexler described the physical principles of molecular manufacturing systems (using nanomachines to make products with atomic precision) in a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. He has since published three books on the topic, including Engines of Creation, in which he outlined the prospects for advanced molecular manufacturing technology—its capabilities, their medical, environmental, and economic implications, dangers and security risks, and potential policy responses. Engines introduced the term “nanotechnology” to describe the Feynman vision and the technologies it will enable.
He also authored Nanosystems, an advanced technical text on molecular manufacturing which details the design of nanomechanical components, devices, and systems. Nanosystems draws from chemistry, physics, computation, and systems engineering to describe the fundamentals of molecular manufacturing and how to achieve it. His publications in the area of molecular manufacturing are cited as foundational in protein engineering, nanomachinery, and mechanosynthesis. In addition to his work on molecular manufacturing, Dr. Drexler has published widely on the topics of space resources, solar sails, and the use of computer media to improve the evolution of knowledge. He holds three patents for space systems and co-authored a series of articles on market-based open systems in The Ecology of Computation.
Eric Drexler was born in Alameda, CA in 1955. He obtained an SB and SM from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and was awarded a PhD from MIT in Molecular Nanotechnology (the first degree of its kind), supervised by Marvin Minsky. His book Nanosystems received the AAP award for Most Outstanding Computer Science Book of 1992. He resides in Los Altos CA with his wife, Rosa Wang.
His web site, E-Drexler.com, provides information and updates on progress toward advanced nanotechnologies.
- See essays by this author:
- An Open Letter to Richard Smalley
- Dialogue between Ray Kurzweil, Eric Drexler, and Robert Bradbury
- Drexler Counters
- Nanotechnology: Six Lessons from Sept. 11
- The Future of Nanotechnology: Molecular Manufacturing
- Toward closure: Open letter to Prof. Smalley