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Forever Young: The new scientific search for immortality

August 29, 2002

Researchers are making a lot of progress in extending life span. Techniques being developed include calorie restriction, therapeutic cloning, genetic research for the longevity gene, anti-oxidants, getting cells to produce telomerase, hormone replacement therapies, genetic engineering, and nanomedicine.

Hindi chatbot breaks new ground

August 27, 2002

Computer science students in India are developing software that can converse intelligently with people in Hindi and could open up computer use to India’s illiterate millions.

The software reportedly becomes more intelligenc as it acquires more knowledge about the user.

Nanotubes speed up

August 27, 2002

Transistors fabricated from carbon nanotubes now have electrical characteristics that can rival silicon devices. For example, IBM researchers have developed a carbon-nanotube FET (field effect transistor) that can compete with the leading prototype silicon transistors currently available.Progress has also been made in reducing the resistance at the nanotube-electrode interface. This has allowed different nanotubes to be assembled into basic logic circuits, an important step towards nanoelectronics.

Limitations in manufacturing… read more

Chip design aims for quantum leap

August 23, 2002

University of Wisconsin researchers are designing a practical quantum computer using ordinary electronics rather than exotic laboratory equipment. Their design would incorporate thousands of individually-controlled electrons into a silicon chip that could be made much the same way as today’s computer chips.

Gates says smart computers far off

August 23, 2002

Bill Gates says he won’t live to see the day when computers think and act like people because the human brain is too complex to be compared to the logic gates and micro-circuitry of a computer chip.

In contrast, Ray Kurzweil predicts that a $1,000 computer in 2019 will have computational ability that roughly matches the human brain.

Microsoft is doing AI research, though, in more natural ways… read more

Eyes write

August 22, 2002

New software called Dasher could allow computer users with disabilities or busy hands to write nearly twice as fast, more accurately and more comfortably than before and could also speed up writing on palm-tops and typing in Japanese and Chinese, its developers say.
The software lets users select letters from a screen and calculates the probability of one letter coming after another. It then presents the letters required… read more

Bettering Ourselves Through Biotech: Greater Productivity, Sharper Memories, Hair Feathers

August 22, 2002

Beefing up muscle without steroids or hormones; rejuvenating damaged skin and heart tissue; ratcheting up memory function, and other therapies that promise to enhance human abilities are nearing the marketplace, thanks to ever-faster breakthroughs in biotechnology

Faster Chips That March to Their Own Improvised Beat

August 22, 2002

Self-timing, or asynchronous microprocessors will lead to improved computer performance, providing faster operations and reduced power consumption and electromagnetic emissions.

Sun Microsytems and Phillips Research are pioneering developments in this area.

NASA rejects claim it plans mind reading capability

August 21, 2002

NASA managers today said published media reports suggesting the agency plans to read the minds of potential terrorists go too far and ignore the facts and science behind the research. “NASA does not have the capability to read minds, nor are we suggesting that would be done,” said Robert Pearce, Director, NASA’s Strategy and Analysis Division in the Office of Aerospace Technology in Washington. “Our scientists were… read more

Bot Battle More of a Lovefest

August 21, 2002

The International Design Contest robot competition at MIT nvolved eight teams of students from seven countries to make a remote-controlled bot that can push hockey pucks and foam rubber balls across the shuffleboard-sized playing area and onto a scale at the end of the field.

In Three Dimensions, Words Take Flight. Literally.

August 20, 2002

Brown University researchers are developing a 3-D virtual-reality chamber that allows for creating interactive-theater experiences with literature in space.

Forget Nature. Even Eden Is Engineered.

August 20, 2002

Aided by satellites and supercomputers, and mobilized by the evident environmental damage of the last century, humans have a real chance to begin balancing economic development with sustaining earth’s ecological webs, said Dr. William C. Clark, a biologist at Harvard who heads an international effort to build a scientific foundation for such a shift.

The prospect of managing the planet is attracting more than 100 world leaders and thousands… read more

Cities Die. Should New York Be the First to Clone Itself?

August 20, 2002

New York City is creating of an immensely detailed, three-dimensional, interactive, constantly updated map of the city.

“NYCMap” will be stored on remote servers in case something more terrible than 9-11 hits.

Biology Seeks a Few Good Geeks

August 20, 2002

As chairwoman of the inaugural IEEE Computer Society Bioinformatics Conference, held at Stanford University last week, Vicky Markstein is trying to recruit the leading minds of computer science into what she calls “the industrial revolution of biology,” an anticipated period of discovery resulting from the analysis of genomic information.
Computer scientists will be essential for deriving useful knowledge from the large databases of genomic data that have recently become available,… read more

Does schmoozing make robots clever?

August 19, 2002

Luc Steels, a professor at the University of Brussels and director of Sony’s Computer Science Laboratories in Paris, believes that robots should learn by expressing themselves through interaction and forming their own languages and even “cultures.”

Dismissing the Turing Test as “fake,” Steels believes that machines can evolve intelligence through interaction with one another and with their ecology, but that this synthetic intelligence is unlikely to bear much resemblance… read more

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