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Virtual clones take over SIGGRAPH

August 16, 2001

LOS ANGELES – What’s missing from Web sites is personality. That’s about to change.Pulse is previewing software for creating photoreal, 3D characters for use on Web sites. You can build a virtual character in just five minutes by taking a digital photo of a face, converting to a 3D model, and adding voice or text-to-speech for lip-synching, as we confirmed in a demo.

Uses include email, instant… read more

SGI Reality Center wows SIGGRAPH attendees

August 15, 2001

LOS ANGELES, August 14 — SGI is wowing SIGGRAPH attendees with its 35 by 10 foot wraparound immersive Reality Center visualization facility here.The display seamlessly combines images from three projectors driven by SGI Onyx 3400 computers, generating 3.5 million pixel images in real time.

Demonstrations include a breathtaking journey through the sixth-century Buddhist kingdom of Silla, from the SGI Reality Center in Seoul, Korea; an urban drive-around simulation of… read more

Quantum memories should mimic ours

August 13, 2001

Quantum-computer engineers should design memories like our own, storing information as patterns rather than putting each item in its own labelled box, as in conventional computers, says Carlo Trugenberger of InfoCodex in Geneva, Switzerland.
Quantum memories, Trugenberger suggests, could be associative while accessing the full storage potential of the collection of memory elements. He shows that, even if the input to such a device is noisy or incomplete, the most… read more

Self-assembling nanotubes

August 13, 2001

The principle that makes DNA strands link together may someday be used to manufacture molecular wires and other components for use in electronic devices, according to Hicham Fenniri, an assistant professor of chemistry at Purdue Univ. To develop the self-assembling structures, Fenniri and his colleagues borrowed chemistry from DNA to create a series of molecules that are “programmed” to link in groups of six to form rosette-shaped rings, which then… read more

Still Waiting on Neural Nets

August 13, 2001

Neural network technology needs to connect with current research about how the human brain works, said researchers gathered at a session of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks in Washington, DC in July.
Jim Olds, director of George Mason University’s Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study in Fairfax, VA, remarked that the information about brain function that computer scientists have been relying on is about 30 years old.

Neuroinformatics… read more

Mining newsgroups

August 13, 2001

Researchers are developing software that mines online newsgroups for public-opinion content.Computational linguist Warren Sack’s Conversation Map software maps how often words or phrases appear, and how close they are to one another.

One use is for market researchers: with the right tools, they could turn newsgroups containing millions of opinions into the ultimate focus group.

Automated invention machines

August 13, 2001

Genetic programming research has reinvented engineering patents generated as recently as last year, says John Koza, consulting professor of biomedical informatics at Stanford.

Concentrating on what he calls “the black arts” — areas where there’s no known mathematical method to solve the problem quickly — Koza’s recent focuses include controllers, analog circuits and cellular automata.

Koza’s resources include a 1,000-node parallel computing cluster at Genetic Programmingread more

Robots beat human commodity traders

August 12, 2001

Software-based robotic trading agents made seven per cent more cash than people in an IBM test.
Jeffrey Kephart of IBM says his team’s findings could have a much greater impact than the famous victory of IBM’s Deep Blue supercomputer over chess supremo Gary Kasparov. “The impact might be measured in billions of dollars annually,” he says.

He believes that in the future billions of economic robotic agents will replace… read more

SIGGRAPH opens in L.A. [Event]

August 12, 2001

A new generation of computer interface technologies and Hollywood special-effects wizardry will take center stage at this year’s SIGGRAPH 2001, August 12-17 in Los Angeles.

‘Terragrid’ of supercomputers planned

August 10, 2001

Four U.S. supercomputer centers will be linked together into one massive “grid” style computer next summer.

The “TerraGrid” will rival the most powerful computers in the world, and be able to process over 11 trillion commands per second. It will be 16 times more powerful than the next-fastest research network.

“This will transform the way science and research is done,” Dan Reed, director of the National Center for… read more

Gates: AI for the billions

August 8, 2001
Visual analysis to determine recipient activity

SEATTLE, Aug. 8 – The vast majority of Microsoft research–included in the firm’s $5.3 billion R&D budget for FY 2002–is for AI-related projects, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates said, speaking at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence.
Microsoft’s research is focused on traditional AI areas, such as decision-making, learning, language, and speech recognition. “We are putting our money where our beliefs are: that these things will become real and allow… read more

24-hour chip design cycle called possible

August 8, 2001

A new “chip-in-a-day” method could cut system-on-chip design time from months to 24 hours.The Berkeley Wireless Research Center (BWRC) claims the method be two to three orders of magnitude more efficient in power and area than previous architectures.

Bob Brodersen, professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the University of California, Berkeley, and BWRC’s scientific director, said the center’s methodology could result in “much faster transitioning of really… read more

Challenge to create program that can win a game without knowing rules

August 5, 2001

Artificial Intelligence NV (Ai) has announced a challenge to promote original AI research. The companuy invites participants to create a computer program that can win at a game without knowing either the game’s rules or the identity of its opponent.
The creator of the winning program will win a $2000 prize and the representatives of the top three winning programs will be invited to an AI workshop at… read more

Major AI conference scheduled for Aug. 4 — 10 in Seattle [Event]

August 3, 2001

The International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, sponsored by AAAI, will be held August 4th to 10th in Seattle.
Bill Gates will keynote the conference on August 7 and talk about the role of AI in Microsoft.

There will be five collocated events:

  • Thirteenth Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence, IAAI-01, August 7-9
  • IJCAI-01 AAAI/SIGART Doctoral Consortium, August 5-6
  • RoboCup-2001
  • read more

    World champion to battle chess supercomputer

    August 2, 2001

    World chess champion Vladimir Kramnik will play the “Deep Fritz 7″ chess supercomputer in an eight-game match in Bahrain in October.
    This will be the first man vs. machine chess showdown since IBM Corp.’s “Deep Blue” RS/6000-based parallel computer defeated former world chess champion Garry Kasparov 3.5 points to 2.5 points in 1997.

    Deep Fritz has been built from scratch by an independent group of computer and chess specialists,… read more

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