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Mining newsgroups

August 13, 2001

Researchers are developing software that mines online newsgroups for public-opinion content.Computational linguist Warren Sack’s Conversation Map software maps how often words or phrases appear, and how close they are to one another.

One use is for market researchers: with the right tools, they could turn newsgroups containing millions of opinions into the ultimate focus group.

Automated invention machines

August 13, 2001

Genetic programming research has reinvented engineering patents generated as recently as last year, says John Koza, consulting professor of biomedical informatics at Stanford.

Concentrating on what he calls “the black arts” — areas where there’s no known mathematical method to solve the problem quickly — Koza’s recent focuses include controllers, analog circuits and cellular automata.

Koza’s resources include a 1,000-node parallel computing cluster at Genetic Programmingread more

Robots beat human commodity traders

August 12, 2001

Software-based robotic trading agents made seven per cent more cash than people in an IBM test.
Jeffrey Kephart of IBM says his team’s findings could have a much greater impact than the famous victory of IBM’s Deep Blue supercomputer over chess supremo Gary Kasparov. “The impact might be measured in billions of dollars annually,” he says.

He believes that in the future billions of economic robotic agents will replace… read more

SIGGRAPH opens in L.A. [Event]

August 12, 2001

A new generation of computer interface technologies and Hollywood special-effects wizardry will take center stage at this year’s SIGGRAPH 2001, August 12-17 in Los Angeles.

‘Terragrid’ of supercomputers planned

August 10, 2001

Four U.S. supercomputer centers will be linked together into one massive “grid” style computer next summer.

The “TerraGrid” will rival the most powerful computers in the world, and be able to process over 11 trillion commands per second. It will be 16 times more powerful than the next-fastest research network.

“This will transform the way science and research is done,” Dan Reed, director of the National Center for… read more

Gates: AI for the billions

August 8, 2001
Visual analysis to determine recipient activity

SEATTLE, Aug. 8 – The vast majority of Microsoft research–included in the firm’s $5.3 billion R&D budget for FY 2002–is for AI-related projects, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates said, speaking at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence.
Microsoft’s research is focused on traditional AI areas, such as decision-making, learning, language, and speech recognition. “We are putting our money where our beliefs are: that these things will become real and allow… read more

24-hour chip design cycle called possible

August 8, 2001

A new “chip-in-a-day” method could cut system-on-chip design time from months to 24 hours.The Berkeley Wireless Research Center (BWRC) claims the method be two to three orders of magnitude more efficient in power and area than previous architectures.

Bob Brodersen, professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the University of California, Berkeley, and BWRC’s scientific director, said the center’s methodology could result in “much faster transitioning of really… read more

Challenge to create program that can win a game without knowing rules

August 5, 2001

Artificial Intelligence NV (Ai) has announced a challenge to promote original AI research. The companuy invites participants to create a computer program that can win at a game without knowing either the game’s rules or the identity of its opponent.
The creator of the winning program will win a $2000 prize and the representatives of the top three winning programs will be invited to an AI workshop at… read more

Major AI conference scheduled for Aug. 4 — 10 in Seattle [Event]

August 3, 2001

The International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, sponsored by AAAI, will be held August 4th to 10th in Seattle.
Bill Gates will keynote the conference on August 7 and talk about the role of AI in Microsoft.

There will be five collocated events:

  • Thirteenth Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence, IAAI-01, August 7-9
  • IJCAI-01 AAAI/SIGART Doctoral Consortium, August 5-6
  • RoboCup-2001
  • read more

    World champion to battle chess supercomputer

    August 2, 2001

    World chess champion Vladimir Kramnik will play the “Deep Fritz 7″ chess supercomputer in an eight-game match in Bahrain in October.
    This will be the first man vs. machine chess showdown since IBM Corp.’s “Deep Blue” RS/6000-based parallel computer defeated former world chess champion Garry Kasparov 3.5 points to 2.5 points in 1997.

    Deep Fritz has been built from scratch by an independent group of computer and chess specialists,… read more

    US warned of cloning ‘brain drain’

    August 2, 2001

    The American biotechnology industry is warning of an exodus of scientists because of moves to make human cloning for medical research illegal.
    Creating human embryos in a cloning process to extract cells that can be turned into tissues to replace diseased parts of the body is legal in the UK, Israel, and Australia.

    But the US House of Representatives voted on Wednesday to ban any form of human cloning… read more

    RoboCup competition opens in Seattle

    August 2, 2001

    Robotics teams from universities in 23 countries will compete at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in Seattle from Aug. 2 to 10. It runs concurrent with the American Association for Artificial Intelligence’s annual conference.
    The ultimate goal for the competition: “By the year 2050, develop a team of fully autonomous humanoid robots that can beat the human World Cup soccer champions.”

    Buckyballs Make Fantastic Voyage

    August 2, 2001

    Fullerenes (a.k.a. Buckyballs — molecules containing 60 carbon atoms arranged in a sphere with a hollow center) are becoming an ideal platform for delivering drugs for diseases such as HIV, Lou Gehrig’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.
    C Sixty, which is developing products using fullerenes, also sees them being used for delivering bone-building drugs for osteoporosis and eventually for carrying cancer-killing drugs to tumor cells.

    “Buckyballs will undoubtedly… read more

    At nanoscale, current laws may not apply

    August 1, 2001

    As nanotechnology moves from the realm of science fiction to the real world of commercial application, legislation and regulation are going to have to play catch-up.
    International trade law, treaties banning chemical and biological weapons, regulations governing medicine and the environment, and copyright and patent law will be affected.

    Some of the other big legal headaches are likely to emerge when scientists perfect replicating, or self-replicating, nanotechnology.

    Population predicted to peak in 2070

    August 1, 2001

    The world’s population will peak at 9 billion over the next 70 years before beginning a decline into the 22nd century, researchers predict in a new study.

    Population currently stands at 6.1 billion, and the study projects that most of the new growth will continue to occur in developing countries. It also predicts some demographic changes. For example, the authors say, the number of people aged 60 or older… read more

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