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Wireless electronic implants deliver antibiotic, then harmlessly dissolve

November 25, 2014

coil + resistor

Imagine an electronic implant that delivers a drug when triggered by a remote wireless signal — then harmlessly dissolves (no post-surgical infection concerns, no fuss, no muss) within minutes or weeks.

That’s what researchers at Tufts University and the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana have demonstrated* in mice, using a resistor (as a source of heat for releasing drug and help dissolving the implant) and a power-receiving coil made… read more

Wireless EEG System Self-powered By Body Heat And Light

April 17, 2008

The Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre, affiliated with the Holst Centre, has developed a wireless 2-channel EEG system powered only by body heat and ambient light.

The hybrid power supply combines a thermoelectric generator that uses the heat dissipated from a person’s temples and silicon photovoltaic cells.

It could be used to monitor brain waves after a head injury. The entire system is wearable and integrated into a device resembling… read more

Wireless drug control

February 9, 2009

Electronic implants that dispense medicines automatically or via a wireless medical network are on the horizon, but researchers warn of security risks.

Wireless device to improve cancer treatment

April 19, 2006

Engineers at Purdue University are creating a wireless device the size of a rice grain that could be implanted in tumors to tell doctors the precise dose of radiation received and locate the exact position of tumors during treatment.

The device, a passive wireless transponder, has no batteries and will be activated with electrical coils placed next to the body.

Source: Purdue University news release

Wireless device powers implanted blood-pressure sensor, eliminating batteries

March 29, 2013

A handheld reader (top right) wirelessly powers and interrogates a tiny blood-pressure sensor embedded inside a prosthetic graft, inserted in this case as a conduit for haemodialysis in a patient with kidney failure (credit: A*STAR Institute of Microelectronics)

Researchers at A*STAR Institute of Microelectronics in Singapore are developing a prototype wireless device that powers an implanted blood-pressure sensor, eliminating the need to recharge or replace a battery.

The microscale electronic sensor monitors blood flow through artificial blood vessels. Surgeons use these prosthetic grafts to bypass diseased or clogged blood vessels in patients experiencing restricted blood supply, for example.

Over time, however, the… read more

Wireless device delivers drugs to brain and triggers neurons via remote control

July 16, 2015

Tiny, implantable devices are capable of delivering light or drugs to specific areas of the brain, potentially improving drug delivery to targeted regions of the brain and reducing side effects. Eventually, the devices may be used to treat pain, depression, epilepsy and other neurological disorders in people. (credit: Alex David Jerez Roman)

A team of researchers has developed a tiny “wireless optofluidic neural probe” the width of a human hair that can be implanted in the brain and triggered by remote control to deliver drugs and activate targeted populations of brain cells.

The technology, demonstrated for the first time in mice, may one day be used to treat pain, depression, epilepsy, and other neurological disorders in people by targeting therapies to… read more

Wireless device converts ‘lost’ microwave energy into electric power

November 8, 2013

Power harvesting split-ring resonator

Using inexpensive materials configured and tuned to capture microwave signals, researchers at Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering have designed a power-harvesting device with efficiency similar to that of modern solar panels.

The device wirelessly converts a microwave signal to direct current voltage that is capable of recharging a cell phone battery or other small electronic device.

It operates on a principle similar to… read more

Wireless Controlled from the Cloud

March 22, 2010

IBM researchers in China believe that shifting the signal-processing requirements for cellular phone networks from traditional expensive base stations into the cloud will make it cheaper and easier to upgrade networks.

Wireless charging technology coming in 2013

August 13, 2012

Inductive charging (credit: Wikimedia Commons)

Intel could include wireless charging technology in select ultrabooks and smartphones beginning in the second half of 2013, according to a report from Digitimes.

It will use an ultrabook as the power source paired with related software and a transmitter to wirelessly charge a smartphone.

Samsung is also expected to launch a resonance wireless smartphone charger by 2013.

The report did not specify… read more

Wireless brain stimulation with magnetic nanoparticles

March 15, 2015

wireless magnetothermal stimulation ft.

MIT researchers have developed a method to stimulate brain tissue using external magnetic fields and injected magnetic nanoparticles to treat neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease.

Currently, brain stimulation uses pulses of electricity and requires a surgically implanted electrode wired to a power source outside the brain.

In their study, the team injected magnetic iron oxide particles 22 nanometers in diameter into the brain.… read more

Wireless brain sensor-transmitter could unchain neuroscience from cables

December 8, 2014

head-mounted transmitter

A team of scientists led by Brown University has developed a high-data-rate, low-power, wireless brain-sensor and transmitter system for acquiring high-fidelity neural data during animal behavior experiments.

The new system solves a fundamental problem in neuroscience research: cables, which are needed to connect brain sensors to computers, constrain movement of subjects, limiting the kinds of research that are possible.

“We view this as a platform device for tapping… read more

Wireless at the speed of plasma

December 14, 2010

A new antenna, called a Plasma Silicon Antenna, or PSiAN,  promises superfast wireless networks.

It consists of thousands of diodes on a silicon chip. When activated, each diode generates a cloud of electrons — the plasma — about 0.1 millimeters across. At a high enough electron density, each cloud reflects high-frequency radio waves. By selectively activating diodes, the shape of the reflecting area can be changed to focus and… read more

Wireless at Fiber Speeds

October 6, 2008

Battelle has demonstrated 20-gigabit-per-second wireless transmission in the lab, using 60 to 100 gigahertz signals.

The technique could be used to send huge files across college campuses, to quickly set up emergency networks in a disaster, and even to stream uncompressed high-definition video from a computer or set-top box to a display.

Wireless artificial heart implanted

July 3, 2001

University of Louisville surgeons made medical history yesterday, cutting a damaged heart out of the chest of a terminally ill patient and replacing it with an artificial pump that has no wires to the outside world, according to a unconfirmed report.

The plastic-and-metal heart, called the AbioCor, uses an implanted battery that powers the motor. It recharges from a coil that transfers energy through the skin.

Previous devices… read more

Wired to the Brain of a Rat, a Robot Takes On the World

May 15, 2003

Georgia Tech researchers have created a hybrid mechanical/biological robot controlled by the neural activity of rat brain cells grown in a dish.

The neural signals are analyzed by a computer that looks for patterns emitted by the brain cells and then translates those patterns into robotic movement, providing real-world feedback to the neuron.

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