When machines learn like humans

Probabilistic programs pass the "visual Turing test"
December 10, 2015

Visual Turing-ft

How to animate a digital model of a person from images collected from the Internet

May allow for creating fully interactive, 3-D digital personas from photo albums, videos, other sources, or transfer expressions onto the face of someone else
December 9, 2015

Craig-Hanks

Playing 3-D video games can boost memory formation

December 9, 2015

video game intervention-ft

Skyscraper-style carbon-nanotube chip design ‘boosts electronic performance by factor of a thousand’

December 9, 2015

A multi-campus team led by Stanford engineers Subhasish Mitra and H.-S. Philip Wong has developed a revolutionary high-rise architecture for computing (Stanford University)

AI will replace smartphones within 5 years, Ericsson survey suggests

December 9, 2015

(credit: Ericsson ConsumerLab)

Chemicals that make plants defend themselves could replace pesticides

New study identifies five candidate chemicals to help rice beat planthoppers without pesticides
December 8, 2015

Sogatella furcifera

Parkinson’s disease researchers discover a way to reprogram the genome to produce dopamine neurons

May enable researchers to generate patient-specific neurons to be transplanted into the brain to repair faulty neurons; also a generic way to change cells from one type to another
December 8, 2015

Image shows a protein found only in neurons (red) and an enzyme that synthesizes dopamine (green). Cell DNA is labeled in blue. (credit: Jian Feng, University at Buffalo)

Can physical activity make you learn better?

Apparently so --- at least for speed of recovery of vision after an eye-patch test; may offer hope for people with traumatic brain injury or eye conditions such as amblyopia
December 8, 2015

This is an artistic representation of the take home messages in Lunghi and Sale: "A cycling lane for brain rewiring," which is that physical activity (such as cycling) is associated with increased brain plasticity. (credit: Dafne Lunghi Art)

As the worm turns: research tracks how an embryo’s brain is assembled

December 7, 2015

Untwisting-Software-ft

How robots can learn from babies

Are babies smarter than AI programmers?
December 7, 2015

baby & bot

‘Nanobombs’ that blow up cancer cells

These nanoparticles contain a chemical used in baking bread that makes cancer cells swell and burst when exposed to near-infrared laser light
December 7, 2015

nanobomb ft

Hybrid solid-state chips and biological cells integrated at molecular level

Biological ion channels combine with solid-state transistors to create a new kind of hybrid bioelectronics. Imagine chips with dog-like capability to taste and smell, or even recognize specific molecules.
December 7, 2015

Illustration depicting biocell attached to CMOS integrated circuit with membrane containing sodium-potassium pumps in pore (credit: Trevor Finney and Jared Roseman/Columbia Engineering)

Possible biochemical mechanism underlying long-term memories identified

Why is a prion-like molecular state necessary for persistence of memory? Could a transient memory be made permanent with a "Limitless" NZT-type neurotropic drug --- or permanently forgotten?
December 4, 2015

Neuronal synapse-ft

First direct evidence for synaptic plasticity in fruit fly brain

December 4, 2015

A singe dopamine neuron (yellow) in the mushroom body of the fruit fly Drosophila. Glenn Turner and colleagues trained flies to avoid certain odors by pairing them with stimulations of dopamine neurons signaling punishment. They found that this form of associative learning is driven by changes in synaptic strength between mushroom body neurons that process odors and downstream neurons that generate behavioral responses. (credit: Turner Lab, CSHL)

Recyclable, sustainable petroleum-free bioplastics

December 4, 2015

A graphical illustration of the researchers’ polymer synthesis process. The single molecules, or monomers, are cooled in order to polymerize; to cycle back, heat is applied. (credit: Jing Tang/Chen lab)

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