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Visions of data

September 21, 2009

A day of shipping traffic near Rotterdam, using data from ships: darker traces signify slower speeds and color coding shows traffic density (N. Willems / H. van de Wetering / J. van Wijk / TUE)

Researchers are developing new ways to visualize information to analyze the world around us.

Visionary Kurzweil Touts Technologies Of Tomorrow

November 17, 2005

Computer visionary Ray Kurzweil examined the effects of accelerating growth of technologies on the present and future of human technological innovation during a speech at the ninth annual CRN Industry Hall of Fame, held Tuesday in Santa Clara, Calif.

The bulk of human intelligence is pattern recognition, which Kurzweil said is the quintessential example of a self-organizing system. This will be instrumental in the development of future Web-based applications,… read more

Visionary device gives hope 20-year high-tech project aims to restore sight, boost quality of life

March 11, 2008

The Boston Retinal Implant Project is developing a retinal implant that uses special glasses wired with a battery-powered camera and transmitter that sends images to a chip implanted behind the retina.

First human surgeries are expected to take place in the next few years.

Visionaries see flexible computers using less power

July 11, 2003

Computers will be more flexible, intelligent and require less power by the end of the decade, according to engineering groups meeting in Munich.

Visionaries outline web’s future

October 11, 2004

Brewster Kahle has suggested digitally scanning all 26 million books in the US Library of Congress, the world’s biggest library, at a cost of only $260 million.

He estimated that the scanned images would take up about a terabyte of space, cost about $60,000 to store, and fit on a single shelf.

Visionaries Outline Space Exploration Advances at Telluride TechFest

August 12, 2003

New technological advances will bring about great change in both robotic and human exploration throughout the 21st century, according to visionary thinkers and futurists in science, technology, and the arts gathered at the annual Telluride Tech Festival.

Vision-body link tested in robot experiments

October 30, 2006

“Embodied cognition” experiments involving real and simulated robots suggest that the relationship between physical movement and sensory input could be crucial to developing more intelligent machines.

Vision of life in the middle of the century

December 22, 2006

Chinese astronauts walk on the moon, the world has splintered into currency blocs after an international exchange rate shock, and even robots have the vote: these are among the scenarios of what life might be like around the middle of the century.

They have emerged from 270 rigorously researched papers commissioned by the government that together purport to be the world’s most extensive look into the future, The Horizon… read more

Vision chip shines

September 19, 2003

Researchers have built a silicon retina that uses a timing signal to mimic a form of data compression performed by biological eyes and transmits high-speed optical rather than electrical output.

The silicon retina could be used to give small robots a better understanding of their visual environment and in smart sensors and remote monitoring cameras.

Viruses use microRNA to block the immune system

June 26, 2008

Hebrew University of Jerusalem Researchers have discovered that viruses use microRNAs (small RNA molecules that suppress gene expression) to block the human immune system, making it harder to fight the virus.

The discovery could lead to new antiviral therapies that target viral microRNA. Conversely, it could lead to new methods to suppress the immune system in autoimmune diseases and transplantations, by developing synthetic microRNAs that mimic natural viral microRNAs.… read more

Viruses use ‘hive intelligence’ to focus their attack

January 22, 2010

Imperial College London researchers found that Vaccinia viruses hop over cells that are already infected.

This allows them to concentrate their energies on previously uninfected cells, accelerating the spread of infection fivefold.

Vaccinia is known to spread from cell to cell in a characteristic way. After attaching to the cell membrane of its target, it releases a protein that enters the cell, where it communicates with actin —… read more

Viruses sounded out

August 31, 2001

A single virus particle can be spotted in medical samples by the sound it makes, UK researchers have found. The researchers used quartz crystals, which vibrate in an electrical field. They coated the crystals with an antibody, to which particles of the human herpesvirus attached.

Increasing the voltage shook the crystal faster until the viruses became dislodged, with an accompanying burst of sound. The vibrating crystal picks up the… read more

Viruses recruited as killers of tumors

March 22, 2012

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Doctors are nearing success with oncolytic viruses — ones engineered to kill cancer, such as genetically modified herpes simplex virus (HSV-1).

Viruses improve solar-cell conversion efficiency

April 26, 2011

M13 Virus

Researchers at MIT have found a way to make significant improvements to the power-conversion efficiency of solar cells by using viruses to perform detailed assembly work at the microscopic level.

The researchers found that a genetically engineered version of theM13 virus, which normally infects bacteria, can be used to control the arrangement of nanotubes on a surface, keeping the tubes separate so they can’t short… read more

Viruses harnessed to split water

April 12, 2010

MIT researchers have used a modified virus called M13 as a kind of biological scaffold to allow self-assembly of nanoscale components that mimic artificial photosynthesis to split water and make oxygen.

The researchers hope to find a similar biologically based system to perform the other half of the process, the production of hydrogen fuel.

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