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Scans of brain networks may help predict injury’s effects

March 24, 2010

Clinicians may be able to better predict the effects of strokes and other brain injuries by adapting an MRI scanning method called “resting-state functional connectivity” (FC), which assesses the health of brain networks that let multiple parts of the brain collaborate.

ScanSoft updates voice software

May 19, 2004

ScanSoft has announced a new version of its OpenSpeech Recognizer software with improved natural-language capabilities that lets users speak in full sentences, improves name recognition, and recognizes 40 languages.

The software also has learning capabilities, so it gets better at recognizing and interpreting an accent the more it encounters it.

Scarcity of new energy minerals will trigger trade wars: geologists

November 2, 2010

A lot of rare metals are needed to make photovoltaic panels, rare earth magnets for wind generators, fuel cells and high-capacity batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles. But most industrialized nations, including the United States, are almost entirely dependent on foreign sources for those metals. The only way this is going to change is if there is more domestic exploration and mining, say geologists.

“There’s a misunderstanding in the… read more

Schizophrenia as Misstep by Giant Gene

April 18, 2006

Researchers have made progress in understanding how a variant gene, neuregulin-1, linked to schizophrenia may exert its influence in the brain.

Schmidhuber to do AMA (Ask Me Anything) on reddit /r/MachineLearning

March 1, 2015

jurgen-schmidhuber

Jürgen Schmidhuber, Director of the Swiss Artificial Intelligence Lab (IDSIA), will do an AMA (Ask Me Anything) on reddit/r/MachineLearning on Wednesday March 4, 2015 at 10 AM EST. You can post questions now in advance in this thread.

A key figure in AI in Europe and noted for his quirky sense of humor, Schmidhuber’s ideas and writing have been featuredread more

Scholars debate whether to limit scientific research

December 30, 2005

A conference titled “Forbidding Science? Balancing Freedom, Security, Innovation and Precaution” will explore whether scientific research should be restricted – and, if so, how far “too far” might be.

It will include research controversies in the areas of pathogens and toxins, nanotechnology and cognitive enhancement and will be held Jan. 12 – 13 at Arizona State University in Tempe.

Source: Arizona State University news release

Schoolchildren can learn complex subjects on their own

August 15, 2011

Educational researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have found that schoolchildren can independently develop strategies for solving complex mathematical tasks, with weaker students proving just as capable as their stronger classmates.

Researchers in mathematics education worked with approximately 1600 8th grade high-school students in various German states. Following an introduction to the general topic by their teachers, the school children were given a… read more

Schoolchildren to be RFID-chipped

July 12, 2004

School children in Osaka, Japan will be required to wear or carry RFID chips to track their movements.

Schrödinger’s cat comes closer

October 1, 2003

Scientists have described a scheme for achieving quantum superposition of states in an object with around a hundred trillion atoms. This is about a billion times larger than anything demonstrated previously.

In the proposed experiment, a photon effectively follows both paths at once, using mirrors.

Schwarzenegger tours NASA/Ames to tout agency’s fire-fighting technology

July 15, 2008

NASA/Ames Research Center researchers are taking data from a remotely controlled airplane and delivering real-time infrared images of hot spots and flare-ups to fire commanders on the ground.

The $6 million Ikhana aircraft has an onboard sensor that can look through the smoke and detect temperatures ranging from one-half degree to 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Ikhana sends images through a communications satellite to NASA/Ames, where the imagery is superimposed over… read more

Sci-Fi War Uniforms?

February 25, 2003

MIT’s new Army-funded Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies is designing the perfect uniform protection for soldiers, using nanotech.

Designs will include “smart surfaces” that can change from being water-repellent to water-absorbent, fibers that can be woven into a soldier’s uniform to make it identifiable even in the dark, and the ability to adapt to biological and chemical threats.

SciAm 50: Policy Leader of the Year

December 20, 2007

Scientific American has named the XPrize Foundation as the Policy Leader of the Year.

“There is no doubt that the challenges set by the X Prize Foundation light a fire under innovators worldwide,” the magazine said.

In 2006, the XPrize Foundation announced the $10-million Archon X Prize, for the first private team to sequence 100 human genomes in 10 days at a cost of less than $1 million.… read more

Science 2.0 — Is Open Access Science the Future?

April 22, 2008

A small but growing number of researchers have begun to carry out their work via the wide-open tools of Web 2.0.

Their experiences to date suggest that this kind of Web-based “Science 2.0″ is considerably more productive.

The real significance is the technologies’ potential to move researchers away from an obsessive focus on priority and publication toward the kind of openness and community that were the supposed hallmarks… read more

Science Academy Creating Panel to Monitor Stem-Cell Research

February 16, 2006

To fill a void in federal supervision, the National Academy of Sciences is setting up a committee to provide informal oversight over research with human embryonic stem cells.

Science as Usual: More Questions Than Answers

March 8, 2001

At the recent World Economic Forum, Bill Joy, chief scientist of Sun Microsystems, urged scientists to renounce research that could lead to “a clear danger of extinction.” As in his Wired article last year, he was concerned about out-of-control self-replication from genetic engineering, nanotechnology and robotics research. Most scientists present at the discussion “disputed both his pessimism about the future of humanity and his argument against the classical scientific belief… read more

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