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Technology Rewrites the Book

July 19, 2006

The print-on-demand business is gradually moving toward the center of the marketplace. What began as a way for publishers to reduce their inventory and stop wasting paper is becoming a tool for anyone who needs a bound document. Short-run presses can turn out books economically in small quantities or singly, and new software simplifies the process of designing a book.

Quantum Computer: Laser tweezers sort atoms

July 19, 2006

Physicists of the University of Bonn have succeeded in using “laser tweezers” to sorti up to seven atoms and line them up.

The next aim of the Bonn physicists is to construct a quantum gate. For this purpose they want to “write” quantum information onto two caesium atoms and then place them between two tiny mirrors. The intention is that they should interact there with each other, i.e. exchange… read more

Scientists to build ‘brain box’

July 19, 2006

The “brain box,” being built by University of Manchester scientists, will use large numbers of microprocessors to model the way networks of neurons interact.

The Quest for the $1,000 Human Genome

July 18, 2006

The goal now being pursued by the NIH and by several manufacturers is to drive the costs of decoding a human genome down to as little as $1,000.

At that price, it could be worth decoding people’s genomes in certain medical situations and, one day, even routinely at birth.

Powered shoes — perfect for a virtual stroll

July 18, 2006

“Powered Shoes,” a pair of motorized roller skates that cancel out a person’s steps, could let users naturally explore virtual reality landscapes in confined spaces.

NaturallySpeaking Claims Voice Rec Breakthrough

July 18, 2006

Nuance Communications says the latest version of its speech-recognition software can achieve–with some speakers–99 percent accuracy out of the box, without a “training” session to familiarize the software with how a particular person talks.

AI Reaches the Golden Years

July 18, 2006

If the rate of computational power grows exponentially, the possibilities of true artificial intelligence, as seen in movies like The Terminator and I, Robot, could be possible very soon, said Ray Kurzweil.

He pictures a world where humans and machines have merged, enhancing our cognitive abilities and keeping our bodies healthy from the inside.

“It’s not a human civilization and a machine civilization competing with each other,” Kurzweil… read more

Maybe We Should Leave That Up to the Computer

July 18, 2006

Professor Chris Snijders of the Eindhoven University of Technology has been studying the routine decisions that managers make, and is convinced that computer models, by and large, can do a better job of it.

He even issued a challenge late last year to any company willing to pit its humans against his algorithms.

Brainy Robots Start Stepping Into Daily Life

July 18, 2006

A half-century after the term “artificial intelligence” was coined, both scientists and engineers say they are making rapid progress in simulating the human brain, and their work is finding its way into a new wave of real-world products.

Desire Controls What We See, Study Finds

July 17, 2006

Cornell University psychologists found that participants in an experiment interpreted figures in a way that would lead them to a reward, by tracking automatic, unconscious eye movements.

This Computer May Be Too Smart

July 17, 2006

University of Cambridge scientist Professor Peter Robinson has developed a “mind-reading” computer that can interpret reactions and feelings by analyzing a person’s facial movements.

Prominent cardinal attacks science behind stem cells

July 16, 2006

Catholic stem cell researchers could be banned from taking Holy Communion, relieved of church duties and even denied a church burial.

The head of the Vatican’s Pontifical Council for the Family, Cardinal Alfonso López Trujillo, is the most senior Catholic official so far to proclaim on the morality of stem cell research. “Destroying human embryos is equivalent to an abortion,” he said.

Neurons return in damaged brains

July 16, 2006

A drug that triggers the birth of neurons in rat brains has opened up the possibility of a new treatment for Parkinson’s disease.

Animals given the drug generated dopamine-producing neurons in the substantia nigra, the area of the brain where cells are lost in people with Parkinson’s.

Dance to senator saying Net is ‘series of tubes’

July 16, 2006

Commentary and parodies are spreading across the Web after U.S. Sen. Ted Stevens, chairman of the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, described the Internet as a “series of tubes” during a debate on net neutrality June 28.

Stevens went on to say that his staff sent him an “Internet” that was apparently delayed by Net congestion.

HP’s Memory Spot puts video, audio into photos

July 16, 2006

HP’s Memory Spot is a self-contained storage device with a processor and transmitter that sticks to photos, documents or cards.

It can be stuck onto menus, ads, travel brochures or photos, for exmaple. Wave a reader over it, and the spot will serve a video or audio recording of the subject of the picture to a nearby computer or cell phone.

Unlike RFID chips, the Memory Spot chips… read more

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