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Line Between Quantum And Classical Worlds Is At Scale Of Hydrogen Molecule

November 14, 2007

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and their collaborators at the University of Frankfurt, Germany; Kansas State University; and Auburn University have now established that quantum particles start behaving in a classical way on a scale as small as a single hydrogen molecule.

They reached this conclusion after performing a double slit experiment, using as their two “slits” the two proton nuclei of a hydrogen… read more

‘Rogue Spear’ to train military to tackle terrorists

October 3, 2001

Ubi Soft Entertainment is licensing technology used to create counterterrorist simulation game Tom Clancy’s Rainbow Six: Rogue Spear to help train soldiers.

The Department of Defense plans to use the game engine —- the programming that powers the game’s logic —- to train troops to fight terrorists in urban terrain. It will be modified to use maps and scenarios requested by the U.S. Army, and will teach strategy and… read more

Wearable cameras allow for motion capture anywhere

August 9, 2011

Motion Capture

A wearable camera system makes it possible for motion capture to occur almost anywhere — in natural environments, over large areas, and outdoors, scientists at Disney Research, Pittsburgh (DRP), and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) have shown.

The camera system reconstructs the relative and global motions of an actor, using a process called structure from motion (SfM) to estimate the pose of the cameras… read more

How to Map Neural Circuits With an Electron Microscope

April 9, 2009
(Marc Lab/Moran Eye Institute)

Moran Eye Institute coders and neuroscientists have teamed up to make a 20-terabyte map of the 70+ cells in the retina of a rabbit’s eye.

By comparing healthy samples with pictures of damaged retinas, they can make sense of the diseases that cause blindness, and perhaps find ways to repair injured eyes.

For Simpler Robots, a Step Forward

February 24, 2005

New passive-dynamic robots depend on simple mechanics instead of complex, real-time electronic calculating power for their humanlike gait and use a fraction of the power.

The concepts may be useful in designing prosthetic limbs.

E-Paper Comes Alive

November 21, 2007
(E Ink)

E-paper pioneer E Ink–the company whose technology underpins the Amazon gadget’s display–is prototyping versions of the electronic ink that are bright enough to support filters for vivid color displays, and that have a fast-enough refresh rate to render video.

Molecular switches a step closer to building a computer from the bottom up

October 29, 2001

UCLA researchers have moved an important step closer to building a computer from the bottom up: They have attached molecular switches on a grid as small as 50 nanometers.
The team has developed a 16-bit memory circuit that uses molecular switches that “work pretty well” on traditional wiring, said James Heath, UCLA chemistry and biochemistry professor and co-scientific director of the California NanoSystems Institute. The process uses chemical assembly and… read more

Optical Fibers Made of Metamaterials Should be Superfast

April 17, 2009

Metamaterial optical fibers could guide both light and plasmons (surface energy waves induced by photons), offering faster performance than optical fibers and speeding telecommunications and sensors, researchers at the University of California, San Diego and the Institute for Integrative Nanosciences in Dresden have found.

Biotech Takes on New Industries

March 11, 2005

Biotech is making inroads in chemical, fuel, oil, plastics, detergents, textiles, and other industrial areas.

Nanoscale ‘barcodes’ can tag individual molecules

December 3, 2007
(Nano Letters)

Nanoscopic “barcodes” made from nickel nanowires beaded with gold discs could make it easier to authenticate valuable products, and study a variety of biological molecules at the same time, Northwestern University researchers say.

Football shirt with on-board computer

November 28, 2001

Football shirts are being developed which have their own on-board computer, which will be able to track the pace and acceleration of the wearer.Researchers at the University of Birmingham, UK, who are specialists in “wearable” computers, are exploring ways of remotely monitoring the performance of people playing sports.

This will help to tackle the difficulties in analysing aspects of players’ games such as speed–which can usually only be explored… read more

Humanity close to passing the Hofstadter-Turing Test?

April 27, 2009

AI researchers at the University of Paderborn in Germany have implemented a version of the Hofstadter-Turing Test in the Second Life virtual world.

An entity passes the Hofstadter-Turing Test if it first creates a virtual reality, then creates a computer program within that reality which must finally recognise itself as an entity within this virtual environment by passing the Hofstadter-Turing Test.

Automated web-crawler harvests resume info

March 22, 2005

ZoomInfo, a new search engine focused on people, can automatically identify online information on individuals and weave it into detailed summaries.

THE MAGLEV: The Super-powered Magnetic Wind Turbine

December 10, 2007

The new MagLev wind turbine is expected take wind power technology to the next level by using magnetic levitation.

One large MagLev wind turbine could generate one gigawatt of clean power (vs. five megawatts for the largest conventional wind turbines), enough to supply energy to 750,000 homes. It would also increase generation capacity by 20% over conventional wind turbines, decrease operational costs by 50%, and be operational for about… read more

The Brain in Winter

January 2, 2002

Although some neural functioning is lost from aging, the biggest recent surprise in neuroscience is the discovery of neurogenesis: as the brain ages it creates new neurons.

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