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Enhanced cosmetics

May 18, 2012

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Growing demand for “enhanced cosmetics” is fostering research on micro-capsules and other technology to package those ingredients in creams, lotions and other products to take advantage of a global market valued at $425 billion in 2011.

To meet that demand, chemical companies are looking for better ways to encapsulate these additives — which can reduce inflammation, repair hair or prevent wrinkles — to stop them from breaking down in… read more

It Will Be a Smaller World After All

February 28, 2003

The United Nations has finally changed its demographic predictions. Instead of foreseeing population growth or even explosion, the new estimates acknowledge that world population is on course to shrink—with significant social, economic, and strategic implications.

Toshiba shows off glasses-less 3D TVs

October 5, 2010

Toshiba has unveiled two 3D TVs that work without special glasses.

Toshiba said that its 3D technology, which is currently best-suited for small displays, provides “nine different perspectives of each single 2D frame.” The company added that those perspectives are then “superimposed” by the viewer’s brain “to create a three-dimensional impression of the image.”

New project to create ‘FutureGrid’ computer network

September 30, 2009

The San Diego Supercomputer Center at UC San Diego is part of a team chosen by the National Science Foundation to build and run an experimental high-performance grid test-bed, allowing researchers to collaboratively develop and test new approaches to parallel, grid and cloud computing.

FutureGrid, to be composed of nearly 1400 state-of-the-art CPUs, will ultimately benefit projects that require enormous data processing capabilities, such as complex modeling of climate… read more

A drug that can help wipe out reservoirs of cancer cells in bone marrow

February 19, 2014

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Cancer drugs that recruit antibodies from the body’s own immune system to help kill tumors have shown much promise in treating several types of cancer. But the tumors often return.

A new study from MIT reveals a way to combat these recurrent tumors with a drug that makes them more vulnerable to the antibody treatment. This drug, known as cyclophosphamide, is already approved by the… read more

Oh, Has Uncle Sam Got Mail

December 30, 2005

The rapid adoption of electronic communications technology in the last decade has created a major crisis for the National Archives.

The amount of data to be preserved has exploded in recent years, thanks to the proliferation of high-tech tools such as personal computers and wireless email devices such as BlackBerries. When President Bush leaves office after eight years, the White House is expected to turn over more than 100… read more

The rise of the emotional robot

April 7, 2008

Figuring out just how far humans are willing to go in shifting the boundaries towards accepting robots as partners rather than mere machines will help designers decide what tasks and functions are appropriate for robots.

To work out which kinds of robots are more likely to coax social responses from humans, researchers led by Frank Heger at Bielefeld University in Germany are scanning the brains of people as they… read more

Future Fetish

March 17, 2003

Wired has published a wish list of cool gadgets for 2013, including a combination PDA, wireless Internet, a mini iPod, and phoneu and roll-up television screen made of light-emitting-polymer.

Computer beats human at Japanese chess for first time

October 13, 2010

A computer called Akara 2010 has beaten a human at shogi, otherwise known as Japanese chess, for the first time, in six hours , over the course of 86 moves.

IBM’s Deep Blue beat Gary Kasparov in 1997, but western chess is a relatively simple game, with only about 10123 possible games existing that can be played out. Shogi is far more complex, offering about… read more

Smart ‘Lego’ blocks take touch screens into 3D

October 6, 2009

“Luminos” developed by University of Potsdam researchers can be stacked to form complicated structures on top of a Microsoft Surface screen, and the computer can map the building as it grows.

Each Lumino block has a pattern on its base that identifies its 3D shape, and the Surface table can read them using its four internal cameras that peer up at the acrylic top. That means the computer can… read more

E-Weapons: Directed Energy Warfare In The 21st Century

January 12, 2006

A new breed of weaponry, “directed-energy weapons,” may well signal a revolution in military hardware — perhaps more so than the atomic bomb.

Directed-energy weapons take the form of lasers, high-powered microwaves, and particle beams, according to J. Douglas Beason, author of the recently published book: The E-Bomb: How America’s New Directed Energy Weapons Will Change the Way Wars Will Be Fought in the Future,

Biofuel corn makes enzymes to digest itself

April 8, 2008

Michigan State University, East Lansing researchers and colleagues have grown corn engineered to produce key enzymes needed to break down cellulose into sugar for use in making biofuel.

The three enzymes added to the transgenic corn came from a hot-spring microbe (breaks cellulose up), a fungus (breaks cellulose into a pair of sugar molecules), and a cow’s stomach microbe (breaks paired sugar molecules into simple sugars).

To keep… read more

Deadly Virus Effortlessly Hops Species

April 1, 2003

“A single genetic change could have created the deadly virus that has killed over 50 people and infected more than 1,600, a new study suggests….The [experiment] result strengthens the idea that the SARS coronavirus might have arisen when an animal and human virus met and swapped genes.”

Researchers Probe Computer ‘Commonsense Knowledge’

October 13, 2009

University of Illinois at Chicago AI scientists were recently awarded a three-year, $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop algorithms for use in building commonsense knowledge bases that can evolve.

They will consider questions such as how to deal with contradictory information that is entered and how to organize knowledge in formats that are useful for deriving further knowledge.

Molecular electronics bridge for carbon nanotubes

January 22, 2006

Columbia University scientists have developed a unique way to connect the ends of carbon nanotubes by forming robust molecular bridges between them. The Columbia team was able to combine the best qualities of carbon nanotubes and organic molecules in a single electronic switch.

This new method of wiring molecules into the gaps of single-walled carbon nanotubes employs oxidative cutting — a lithographic technique that makes each cut-end of the… read more

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