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Super Robots Gear Up for Space

February 22, 2007

Superbots — robots made up of identical modular units that plug into one another to create robots that can stand, crawl, wiggle, and roll — are being developed mainly to carry out multiple complex tasks, such as assembly, inspection, maintenance, habitat construction, surface landing, and exploration in space and on planet surfaces.

Universities, research centers retrench after hacks

April 16, 2004

Academic supercomputing labs were targeted by unknown attackers over the last month, compromising servers at the San Diego Supercomputing Center, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, Stanford University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and elsewhere.

While the attackers had access to many of the computers that act as nodes on distributed high-performance computing networks, the intruders were more interested in access to computing power than sabotage, laboratory staff maintain.

Growing Nanotube Forests

February 27, 2009
(John Hart)

University of Michigan and other researchers are honing techniques for growing carefully structured arrays of high-quality carbon nanotubes, which could be the basis of new energy-storage devices and chip-cooling systems.

The Future of Computing, According to Intel

September 26, 2007

Andrew Chien, director of Intel Research, is exploring terascale computing, in which machines with tens or hundreds of cores perform trillions of operations per second.

The big idea he’s exploring is the role of inference and sensors as missing pieces to make ubiquitous computing come to fruition. One of the initial steps is to build systems that understand what we’re doing and understand the importance of different activities in… read more

Edible Nanostructures

September 3, 2010

edible

Sugar, salt, alcohol and a little serendipity led a Northwestern University research team to discover a new class of nanostructures that could be used for gas storage and food and medical technologies. And the compounds are edible. The porous crystals are the first known all-natural metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that are simple to make. Most other MOFs are made from petroleum-based ingredients, but the Northwestern MOFs are edible.… read more

Microscope discerns atoms of different elements

March 5, 2007

The chemical identity of individual atoms on a surface can now be determined using an atomic force microscope.

Scientists can now look at a mixed material and pick out individual atoms of different elements. The advance will allow researchers to understand the structural make-up of complex materials and help them design new ones with unusual properties.

Molecular basis for Mozart effect revealed

April 26, 2004

New research has revealed a molecular basis for the “Mozart effect” — the observation that Mozart’s music may improve learning and memory.

The study showed that rats that heard a Mozart sonata expressed higher levels of genes involved in stimulating and changing the connections between brain cells in their hippocampus: BDNF, a neural growth factor; CREB, a learning and memory compound; and synapsin I, a synaptic growth protein.

How to create Twitter groups

March 4, 2009

Users of Buzzable, which allows for participating in Twitter groups, can now create their own new groups.

KurzweilAI News has been given 500 invites for its readers. Use our “kurzweil” invite code. And you’re invited to join the “KurzweilAI” group.

Lux Research releases top 10 innovative companies profiled in Q1 2012

May 3, 2012

Technology research firm Lux Research released today (May 3) the ten most compelling companies for Q1 2012 in 15 different emerging technology domains.

  1. Transphorm – Wait and See – Energy Electronics

This high-profile, VC-backed, vertically-integrated manufacturer of GaN-based power devices is a leading start-up with new product… read more

New Alliance for space solar power to be announced

October 5, 2007

On October 10, 2007, leading space advocacy organizations and Apollo astronaut Buzz Aldrin will announce the formation of a new alliance to “ensure that the benefits of renewable clean energy from space solar power are understood and supported by business, governments and the general public,” according to an alliance statement.

The inaugural event of the new alliance, to be held at the National Press Club in Washington D.C. at… read more

Scientists say nerves use sound, not electricity

March 12, 2007

Copenhagen University researchers theorize that propagation of sonic solitons is a much more likely explanation for propagation of signal in neurons than electrical impulses.

The physicists say because the nerve membrane is made of a material similar to olive oil that can change from liquid to solid through temperature variations, they can freeze and propagate the solitons.

The scientists, whose work is in the Biophysical Society’s Biophysical Journal,… read more

The Doctor Will Freeze You Now

May 5, 2004

BioTime has developed a process that cools living bodies down to the brink of freezing — a state in which the brain takes hours, not minutes, to wither.

Given the need to preserve donor organs for as long as possible, brain-dead accident victims may lead the way in whole-body cryobiological research. The day may not be far off when we freeze these cadavers for transport, then thaw them and… read more

Inexpensive scanners can ‘fingerprint’ paper, researchers say

March 11, 2009

Researchers at Princeton University and University College London say they can identify unique information, essentially like a fingerprint, from any sheet of paper using any reasonably good scanner.

The technique could be used to crack down on counterfeiting or even keep track of confidential documents.

‘Electromagnetic Wormhole’ Possible with Invisibility Technology

October 15, 2007
One of the views through the "wormhole." Credit: University of Rochester

University of Rochester researchers have developed cloaking technology that opens the possibility of building a sort of invisible tunnel between two points in space.

Catalyst could help turn CO2 into fuel

March 16, 2007

A new catalyst that can split carbon dioxide gas could allow us to use carbon from the atmosphere as a fuel source in a similar way to plants.

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