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Brainy Robots Start Stepping Into Daily Life

July 18, 2006

A half-century after the term “artificial intelligence” was coined, both scientists and engineers say they are making rapid progress in simulating the human brain, and their work is finding its way into a new wave of real-world products.

Real-life inception: Army looks to ‘counteract nightmares’ with digital dreams

October 26, 2011
Power dreaming

In an Army-backed experiment called “Power Dreaming,” Naval Hospital Bremerton in Washington State will help traumatized troops battle their nightmares — with soothing, digitally-made dreams crafted in virtual worlds, Wired Danger Room reports.

The project is a form of biofeedback therapy, in which a PTSD sufferer is fed real-time data on his physical stress levels so that he can be cued to calm down. If he successfully… read more

Supercomputer-based neural net to mimic the brain planned

September 16, 2003

Plans to build the “world’s biggest spiking neural network” to mimic the brain were announced by Mountain View, Calif.-based Artificial Development at the Accelerating Change Conference on Sunday.

The CCortex system will be a “massive spiking neuron network emulation and will mimic the human cortex, with 20 billion layered neurons and 2 trillion 8-bit connections,” according to AD’s President and CEO Marcos Guillen, listed in the… read more

Computer-aided design for life itself

December 31, 2009

University of Washington scientists have developed “Tinkercell” to allow synthetic biologists to build artificial life forms, using a library of different cells, membrane proteins, fluorescent proteins, enzymes and genes to create their organism.

Tinkercell can then simulate the life form to see if it functions as expected.

Genesis of a Virus

May 28, 2008

Rockefeller University researchers have been able to watch a virus being built in real-time, observing hundreds of thousands of molecules assemble inside a cell to create a single particle of HIV.

They used multiple imaging techniques to record each step of the process, allowing them to watch as the virus assembled and then gradually budded off of its host cell.

Currently, much of what’s known about HIV and… read more

Quantum leap

July 28, 2006

Quantum technology effects on the world over the next 20 years will include ubiquitous computers, a human-brain-imitating neural network and true (or near-true) artificial intelligence, and “network-enabled telepathy” (headbands with direct coupling into the right side of the brain).

Extreme-ultraviolet microscope to create next generation of microchips

November 2, 2011


An extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) microscope for creating the next generation of chips has been created by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) in collaboration with leading semiconductor manufacturers.

Called SHARP (Semiconductor High-NA Actinic Reticle Review Project), the new microscope will be dedicated to photolithography, the central process in the creation of microchips.

Within the coming years, semiconductor devices… read more

Global virtual supercomputer network created

October 1, 2003

The first global virtual supercomputer network, the LHC Computing Grid, has been launched at CERN, the world’s largest particle physics lab, in Geneva.

The Grid will tap into the processing power of computers worldwide–initially in 12 countries–to handle the 12 to 14 petabytes of data generated annually by the Large Hadron Collider particle accelerator in testing the Big Bang theory, starting in 2007.

Analyzing… read more

Robot border guards to patrol future frontiers

January 8, 2010

The US Department of Homeland Security, along with Boeing Intelligence and Security Systems, is fielding sensors on the border with Mexico in an $8 billion project called the Secure Border Initiative network.

It will use remote-controlled optical and infrared cameras, ground surveillance radar and acoustic and vibration sensors to detect humans, and magnetic sensors to detect vehicle movements and weapons.

Similar systems are being developed for the European… read more

The good news in our DNA: Defects you can fix with vitamins and minerals

June 3, 2008

University of California, Berkeley, scientists have found an important reason (besides finding disease genes) to delve into your genetic heritage: to find the slight genetic flaws that can be fixed with remedies as simple as vitamin or mineral supplements.

They found there are many genetic differences that make people’s enzymes less efficient than normal, and that simple supplementation with vitamins can often restore some of these deficient enzymes to… read more

Digital DNA detector spots single molecules

August 15, 2006

A modified nanoscale transistor could dramatically speed up the detection of DNA sequences.

The detector consists of a quantum dot with a piece of DNA attached. It only allows current to flow when a matching sequence of DNA binds to the attached piece and could provide a simple, faster way to detect viruses or track gene expression.

Neuroscience Networks: Data-sharing in an Information Age

October 13, 2003

The current challenge in brain mapping is data sharing and integrating information into a coherent, accessible form that permits hierarchical analysis from RNA to protein to morphology to connectivity to experimental behavioral and clinical sciences.

Efforts driven by collaboration, coordination, and computation should yield the data, tools, and resources that neuroscientists will need in the coming decades. New electronic publications [such as PLoS Biology, launched today, and free to… read more

Using Printed Nanocircuits to Sense Hormones

January 15, 2010

Aneeve Nanotechnologies is working to create low-cost hormone sensors that can be made with off-the-shelf ink-jet printers and carbon-nanotube ink, to create a system as convenient as glucose meters.

Genetically modified humans: Here and more coming soon (article preview)

June 6, 2008

A research team in the UK is experimenting with creating three-parent embryos (by adding part of the egg of one woman to the egg of another) to prevent children inheriting a rare group of serious diseases caused by faulty mitochondria, the powerhouses in our cells.

Mitochondrial diseases affect at least 1 in 8000 people, probably more, and there are no treatments.

But the influence of mitochondrial genes extends… read more

Nanowire arrays can detect signals along individual neurons

August 25, 2006

Scientists at Harvard University have created the first artificial synapses between nanoelectronic devices and individual mammalian neurons, and the first linking of a solid-state device — a nanowire transistor — to the neuronal projections that interconnect and carry information in the brain.

They used silicon nanowires just tens of nanometers in width to detect, stimulate, and inhibit nerve signals along the axons and dendrites of live mammalian neurons, with… read more

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