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Startups Focus on AI at South by Southwest

March 15, 2010

The Microsoft BizSpark Accelerator competition starts today at the South by Southwest (SXSW) Interactive event, with many of the 200 startup companies focusing on social media and rapidly maturing areas of artificial intelligence.

Two panels of judges will select winners in four categories: innovative Web technologies, personal social media, business social media, and entertainment technology.

Also see: Where to Watch SXSW Online

Startups Seek Perfect Particles To Search And Destroy Cancer

April 21, 2003

Several companies are developing new cancer treatments that send nanoparticles into patients’ bodies to find tumor cells. Once they do, doctors excite the particles with electromagnetic energy to attack the tumor without collateral damage to nearby healthy cells and without the frightening side effects of chemotherapy and radiation: hair loss, nausea, and ravaged immune systems.

Starwars style holographic 3DTV could be a reality by 2018, experts say

December 3, 2008

A 3D television system that would display holographic images floating in mid air could be a reality in households within the next decade, according to findings by a team of University of Aberdeen.

They also expect that within three years, we will see a TV on the market that will use autostereo systems to create 3D images, so that viewers do not need to wear traditional 3D glasses.

State of the art in nanomedicine and telemedicine to be explored at Quebec conference

February 16, 2009

Brain-implantable computers, body area networks, carbon nanotube-based therapies and drug delivery, DNA-based detectors of disease, intelligent implants, nanoelectronics for biomolecular detection, and direct brain-machine interfaces are among the state-of-the-art technologies to be explored in the 2nd Annual Unither Nanomedical & Telemedical Technology Conference, Feb. 24-27 in Orford, Quebec, Canada.

Keynoted by Ray Kurzweil and microchip implant pioneer Kevin Warwick, Professor of Cybernetics at the University of Reading,… read more

State of the Arts 2010 Symposium slated for June 19 in Los Angeles

June 15, 2010

The State of the Arts 2010 Symposium at Los Angeles Center Studios (and via webcast) on Saturday June 19 is bringing together a multi‐disciplinary mix of experts to explore future trends in arts, media, communications and technology, with a focus on the conscious use of creativity and its transformative power to drive positive global change.

SOA 2010 panelists include executives from Sony Pictures, Ovation Television and Lionsgate… read more

State-of-the-art virtual-reality system is key to medical discovery

For team of neurosurgeons and researchers, CAVE2 could revolutionize stroke prevention and treatment
December 13, 2012

Surgeons from the University of Illinois Hospital & Health Sciences Systems Neurosurgery Department view a simulation of the human brain vasculature and cortical tissue in the CAVE2 Hybrid Reality Environment. This project is a collaboration between the University of Illinois at Chicago's (UIC) Electronic Visualization Laboratory (EVL) and Bioengineering Department's Laboratory for Product and Process Design. EVL OmegaLib software is used to display the 3D model in the CAVE2 System. (Credit: Lance Long for Electronic Visualization Laboratory/University of Illinois at Chicago)

A team of neurosurgeons from the College of Medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) recently stepped into CAVE2 — a next-generation, large-scale, 320-degree, immersive, 3-D virtual environment — to solve a vexing problem that presented itself in the arteries of the brain of a real patient.

The method they used could someday benefit hundreds of thousands of Americans who fall… read more

Statins ‘may cut dementia risk’

July 29, 2008

In a five-year study, University of Michigan researchers found that statins–drugs used to lower cholesterol–may cut the risk of dementia by half.

The exact reason why is not yet known, but statins improve blood flow to the brain (by reducing cholesterol-clogging in blood vessels) and reduce levels of insulin.

In another study by Boston University researchers, they found that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)–drugs used to lower… read more

Statistics could help decode ancient scripts

August 18, 2009

A statistical method that picks out the
“information value” of words in a book that could help scholars decode ancient texts like the Voynich manuscript — or even messages from aliens — has been developed by University of Manchester researchers and colleagues.

Stay cool and live longer?

Scientists have known for nearly a century that cold-blooded animals, such as worms, flies and fish all live longer in cold environments, but have not known exactly why
February 20, 2013

C. elegans nematode worm (credit: The Goldstein Lab)

Researchers at the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute have identified a genetic program that promotes longevity of roundworms (nematodes) in cold environments — and this genetic program also exists in warm-blooded animals, including humans.

“This raises the intriguing possibility that exposure to cold air — or pharmacological stimulation of the cold-sensitive genetic program — may promote longevity in mammals,” said… read more

Staying Out in Front

April 25, 2005

A published road map for the semiconductor industry has the smallest distances between wires on a memory chip shrinking from 90 nanometers today to 65nm in 2007, to 45nm in 2010, to 32nm in 2013 and on down from there.

HP hopes to apply some of its research ideas toward the 32nm milestone. The idea isn’t to replace silicon transistors but to build certain devices, such as ultradense memories,… read more

Stealth DNA-based carbon nanotubes tunnel into cells to deliver targeted drugs

October 31, 2014

An artist’s view of a carbon nanotube inserted in a plasma membrane of a cell. The nanotube forms a nanoscale tunnel in the membrane and the image shows a single long strand of DNA passing through that tunnel. (Credit: LLNL)

A team led by the Lawrence Livermore scientists has created a new way to selectively deliver drugs to a specific area in the body using carbon nanotubes (CNTs).

(KurzweilAI reported on October 17 a similar attempt to sneak drugs into cells using a DNA-based drug-delivery system: nanoscale “cocoons” made of DNA target cancer cells, tricking the cells into absorbing the cocoon, which then unleashes anticancer drugs.)

“Many… read more

Stealth Semantic Startup Raises $8.5 Million, Won’t Tell Us Anything

October 14, 2008

Siri, a spinoff of SRI International, plans to commercialize the DARPA-funded CALO (Cognitive Assistant that Learns and Organizes) system, the “largest Artificial Intelligence project in U.S. history.”

It will use AI to automate many of the tasks that people currently conduct manually online. The founders describe themselves as out to change the fundamental ways that people use the Internet, apparently by leveraging artificial intelligence that will learn… read more

Stealth sharks to patrol the high seas

March 2, 2006

Engineers funded by the US military have created a neural implant designed to enable a shark’s brain signals to be manipulated remotely, controlling the animal’s movements, and perhaps even decoding what it is feeling.

The Pentagon hopes to exploit sharks’ natural ability to glide quietly through the water, sense delicate electrical gradients and follow chemical trails. By remotely guiding the sharks’ movements, they hope to transform the animals into… read more

‘Stealth’: A.I. out of control

July 25, 2005

An AI-based unmanned stealth fighter jet, after being hit by lightning, decides to execute a top-secret mission that could result in global thermonuclear war. That’s the theme of the movie “Stealth,” opening this week.

Steering stem cells with magnets

Magnets could be a tool for directing stem cells’ healing powers to treat conditions such as heart disease or vascular disease
July 18, 2013

Magnetsundercells2

By feeding stem cells tiny particles made of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, scientists at Emory and Georgia Tech can then use magnets to attract the cells to a particular location in a mouse’s body after intravenous injection.

The type of cells used in the study, mesenchymal stem cells, are not embryonic stem cells. Mesenchymal stem cells can be readily obtained from adult tissues such as… read more

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