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Staged cyber attack reveals vulnerability in power grid

September 27, 2007

Researchers who launched an experimental cyber attack on an electrical power plant caused a generator to self-destruct, alarming the federal government and electrical industry about what might happen if such an attack were carried out on a larger scale.

Economist Scott Borg projects that if a third of the country lost power for three months, the economic price tag would be $700 billion.

Computer experts have long warned… read more

Stamp out common virus to beat brain cancer

May 27, 2008

Duke University Medical Center treated brain tumors known as glioblastomas by taking white blood cells from 21 patients, exposing them to parts of the cytomegalovirus (often found in these cancers), and injecting the cells back into the patients. Their preliminary results suggest that this technique is safe and effective.

“Because the immune system kills both the virus and the cell it resides in, we are hoping that… read more

Stamp-Size Plastic Chip Provides New Approach to Cryptography

September 22, 2002

Modern encryption techniques are tested every time someone makes a purchase over the Internet or spends electronic cash stored in smart cards. These strategies rely on so-called one-way functions, which are easy to execute in one direction (for instance, multiplying two prime numbers) but difficult to reverse (factoring a large number into two primes). With ever-increasing computer power and advances in quantum computing, however, such methods may soon become breakable.… read more

Stamping out low-cost nanodevices

June 1, 2011

SEM Gold

A simple technique for stamping patterns invisible to the human eye onto a special class of nanomaterials has been developed by researchers at Vanderbilt University.

The new method works with porous nanomaterials that are riddled with tiny voids, which give them unique optical, electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties. There are nanoporous forms of gold, silicon, alumina, and titanium oxide, among others.

The technique involves the… read more

‘Stamping’ self-assembling nanowires

October 20, 2008

Cornell researchers have created an innovative way to make and pattern nanoscale wires and other devices without requiring expensive lithographic tools; uses include computer memory and circuits, and quantum dots.

They coated gold nanoparticles suspended in water with a synthetic-DNA-based ligand that adheres to the metal and to water. Adjusting the DNA lengths can precisely control the distance between the particles to make them assemble into orderly superlattices, rather… read more

Stamps create DNA nanoarrays

December 15, 2005

Ohio State University researchers have come up with a modified molecular combing technique for creating arrays of stretched DNA molecules that could have applications in nanoelectronics, biological or chemical sensors, and genetic analysis and medical diagnosis.

By patterning a large quantity of stretched DNA molecules into a well-defined array of nanowires, parallel and automated analysis may be realized to achieve higher throughput and reliability, they believe.

Standing in Someone Else’s Shoes, Almost for Real

December 2, 2008

Neuroscientists have presented evidence that they can create a “body swapping” illusion by using VR helmets, showing that the brain, when tricked by optical and sensory illusions, can quickly adopt any other human form, no matter how different, as its own.

Based on virtual-reality experiments, the technique could have a profound effect on a range of therapeutic techniques. In these studies, researchers create avatars that mimic a person’s every… read more

Stanford announces $100 million energy institute

January 14, 2009

Stanford University has received $100 million to create a new energy institute where scholars can study everything from solar cells to energy markets and economics.

Stanford bioengineers close to brewing opioid painkillers

A decade-long effort in genetic engineering is close to re-programming yeast cells to make palliative medicines
August 27, 2014

tanford Bioengineer Christina Smolke has been on a decade-long quest to genetically alter yeast so they can "brew" opioid medicines in stainless steel vats, eliminating the need to raise poppies and then industrially refine derivatives of opium into pain pills. (Credit: Poppy image created by Rachel Sakai)

Stanford bioengineers have hacked the DNA of yeast, reprograming these simple cells to make opioid-based medicines* via a sophisticated extension of the basic brewing process that makes beer.

Led by Associate Professor of Bioengineering Christina Smolke, the Stanford team has already spent a decade genetically engineering yeast cells to reproduce the biochemistry of poppies, with the ultimate goal of producing opium-based medicines, from start to… read more

Stanford builds a better virtual world, one tree (or millions) at a time

January 8, 2008

Stanford researchers are out to prove that object construction in virtual worlds can be sophisticated without being difficult.

Stanford engineers discover neural rhythms drive physical movement

June 4, 2012


In a significant departure from earlier models, neural engineers and neuroscientists working at Stanford University have developed a new model for the brain activity underlying arm movements: motor neurons do not represent external-world parameters as previously thought, but rather send a few basic rhythmic patterns down the spine to drive movement.

The finding has implications in prosthetics, the understanding of motor disorders and other uses… read more

Stanford engineers invent radical ‘high-rise’ 3D chips

December 16, 2014

A four-layer prototype high-rise chip built by Stanford engineers. The bottom and top layers are logic transistors. Sandwiched between them are two layers of memory. The vertical tubes are nanoscale electronic “elevators” that connect logic and memory, allowing them to work together efficiently. (Credit: Max Shulaker, Stanford)

Stanford engineers have build 3D “high-rise” chips that could leapfrog the performance of the single-story logic and memory chips on today’s circuit cards, which are subject to frequent traffic jams between logic and memory.

The Stanford approach would attempt to end these jams by building layers of logic atop layers of memory to create a tightly interconnected high-rise chip. Many thousands of nanoscale electronic “elevators” would move data between… read more

Stanford engineers perfecting carbon nanotubes for highly energy-efficient computing

Could provide a ten-times improvement in energy efficiency over silicon
June 17, 2012


Stanford Unversity engineers have produced the first full-wafer digital logic structures based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs).

Circuits based on CNTs could provide a ten-times improvement in energy efficiency over silicon, according to the engineers.

Background: dealing with chip energy efficiency with CNTs
Energy efficiency is the most significant challenge standing in the way of continued miniaturization of electronic systems, and miniaturization is the principal driver of the semiconductor… read more

Stanford expands free online IT course offerings

November 30, 2011

Stanford University plans to offer eight more free online computer science classes beginning in January, ZDNET Service Oriented reports.

The new courses are Software as a Service, Computer Science 101, Machine Learning, Cryptography, Natural Language Processing, Human Computer Interaction, Design and Analysis of Algorithms I, and Probabilistic Graphic Models. The previous courses on Introduction to Artificial Intelligence, Introduction to Databases and Introduction to Machine Learning started in… read more

Stanford joins BrainGate team developing brain-computer interface to aid people with paralysis

November 16, 2011

The implantable BrainGate neural interface can detect and record brain signals, allowing persons who have lost the use of arms and legs to have point-and-click control of a computer (credit: Matthew McKee/BrainGate Collaboration)

Stanford University researchers are enrolling participants in a pioneering study investigating the feasibility of allowing people with paralysis to use a technology that interfaces directly with the brain to control computer cursors, robotic arms and other assistive devices.

Those eligible to enroll in the trial include people with weakness of all four limbs resulting from cervical spinal cord injury, brainstem stroke, muscular dystrophy, or motor… read more

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