science + technology news

Tapping into the Cancer-Fighter Collective for Treatment

January 30, 2008

Researchers at The Cancer Institute of New Jersey and their colleagues are developing software that lets doctors and researchers compare cases and treatment outcomes.

The computer system will allow physicians and researchers worldwide to tap into the latest developments in cancer research and treatment, helping doctors tailor the best possible therapies for their patients and let scientists track the success–or failure–of previous research.

It will feature a digital… read more

Deceit of the Raven

September 7, 2005

Science is chipping away at the case for human uniqueness, showing that animals and machines are more like us than we believed.

What happens, as these trends continue, to the familiar guideposts for deciding what is human?

‘Doorways’ discovered in living brain cells

October 24, 2002

Brain cell membranes contain fixed “doorways” that control the entry of molecules into the cell, new research at Duke University shows.

Understanding this process, and how to control it, could one day lead to an entirely new class of treatments for depression, epilepsy, addiction and other neurological disorders; and preventing pathogens, such as viruses, from entering brain cells.

Top Two Slots on Newest TOP500 List of Supercomputers Unchanged, but New Systems in Germany, Saudi Arabia are Shaking Things Up

June 23, 2009

The just-announced new annual TOP500 list of the world’s most powerful supercomputers is still led by IBM’s Roadrunner and Cray’s Jaguar, but in third place, a new contender has emerged: an IBM BlueGene/P system called JUGENE, installed at the Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ) in Germany, at 825.5 teraflop/s.

Other notable systems are the Bull-Sun JUROPA at FZJ in Germany, ranked at 274.8 Tflop/s, the IBM BlueGene/P system at… read more

A Memory Breakthrough

February 4, 2008

Intel announced a research advance that doubles the storage capacity of a single phase-change memory cell.

Unlike flash, data can be written to cells much faster, at rates comparable to the dynamic and static random-access memory (DRAM and SRAM) used in all computers and cell phones today.

US plans first face transplant

September 19, 2005

Cleveland Clinic surgeons are to interview a shortlist of patients hoping to be the first to receive a face transplant for a patient whose face is disfigured.

The procedure would involve taking skin and underlying tissues from a dead donor and placing them on the living recipient.

Computer modelling suggests the face should take on more of the characteristics of the skeleton of the recipient than the soft… read more

Fate of Moore’s Law tops ISSCC agenda

November 11, 2002

We have at least another decade of exponential growth of semiconductor integration, Gordon Moore is expected to argue at the International Solid-State Circuits Conference in San Francisco on Feb. 10.

Scientists create first quantum processor

June 29, 2009

A team led by Yale University researchers has created the first rudimentary two-qubit solid-state quantum processor, taking another step toward building a quantum computer.

Researcher leads international effort to create ‘proteinpedia’

February 8, 2008

A Johns Hopkins Institute of Genetic Medicine researcher is leading an effort to compile to date the largest free resource of experimental information about human proteins.

Their “proteinpedia” currently compiles data provided by more than 71 laboratories with entries for more than 15,230 human proteins.

‘The Singularity Is Near’ now #14 on Amazon

October 2, 2005

Ray Kurzweil’s The Singularity Is Near is now ranked #14 in sales among all books, #5 among all Non-Fiction books, #1 in Science, #1 in Technology, #1 in Evolution, #1 in Science History and Philosophy, and #1 in Computers and Internet, as of Sunday Oct. 2.

New media coverage of the book includes a review, “Here It Comes,” in the Wall Street Journal, and “Rayread more

Radical physicist flatters computer fans

November 22, 2002

The universe is composed not of particles and waves, but of simple tiny programs, physicist Stephen Wolfram said at COMDEX. “Systems out there in nature are already doing computations as complex as the ones that correspond to human intelligence.”

Memristor minds: The future of artificial intelligence

July 8, 2009

Hybrid transitor-memristor chips designed to reproduce some of the brain’s thought processes have been developed by HP and Boston University researchers, and University of California, San Diego researchers have developed a memristive device that they claim behaves like a neural synapse.

More Brain Research Suggests ‘Use It Or Lose It’

February 13, 2008

Queensland Brain Institute scientists have found another clue to why nerve cells die in neurodegenerative diseases, adding more weight to the “use it or lose it” model for brain function.

A baby’s brain generates roughly double the number of nerve cells it needs to function. Cells that receive chemical and electrical stimuli survive, the remaining ones die.

Stem Cell Test Tried on Mice Saves Embryo

October 17, 2005

Scientists have devised two new techniques to derive embryonic stem cells in mice, one of which avoids the destruction of the embryo, a development that could have the potential to shift the grounds of the longstanding political debate about human stem cell research.

The second new technique manipulates embryos so they are inherently incapable of implanting in the uterus, a possible ethical advantage in the proposed therapy.

Both… read more

Sony’s Ando: PCs to function like a brain

December 9, 2002

Sony President Kunitake Ando foresees a future personal computer that knows a person’s individual tendencies and tastes, functioning almost like a surrogate brain.

Hybrid PC-television devices will evolve for consumers and people will be able to retrieve their personal information from powerful networks that allow anytime, anywhere across a variety of individual devices.

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