August 25, 2003
KASY0, the first supercomputer to break $100/GFLOPS, has been assembled entirely by students at the University of Kentucky.
Researchers at Edinburgh University are developing spray-on computers using tiny semiconductor specks the size of a grain of sand that can sense, compute and communicate wirelessly.
They plan to spray the devices on the chests of coronary patients to record a patient’s health and transmit information back to a hospital computer, eliminating the need to lug a large machine around or hospital visits.
Max Planck Institute for Computer Science researchers have computerized the process of reconstructing a face from the skull.
The method reverses the process used in facial modeling and animation of shaping anatomical structures to fit a given 3D skin model. It takes less than a day for a computer reconstruction compared to weeks for a traditional clay model.
Scientists have found a way to rev up a potent “anti-aging” enzyme in living cells, which could speed the development of drugs to extend human life span and prevent a wide range of geriatric diseases.
The compounds seem to have the same anti-aging effect as a drastic reduction in calories. The compound that boosted the anti-aging enzyme the most was resveratrol, an ingredient in red wine that has been… read more
Scientists have identified an ocean sponge living in the deep sea that grows thin glass fibers capable of transmitting light at least as well as industrial fiber optic cables.
Materials scientists hope to duplicate the growth process to avoid problems with current fiber optic manufacturing methods that require high temperatures and produce relatively brittle cable.
Other recent biomimetics discoveries include an enzyme that improves laundry detergent, a glowing… read more
Genetic medicine is making enormous strides, and it may hold the promise of eventually making us something closer to immortal.
“Our life expectancy will be in the region of 5,000 years” in rich countries in the year 2100, predicts Aubrey de Grey, a scholar at Cambridge University.
News tip: Walter Purvis
Radical experts believe that, in the next 50 years, 90-year-olds could look like 30-year-olds and feel as fit as a 45-year-old, thanks to an explosion in regenerative medicine, genetic research and biotechnology.
University of Queensland development biologist, associate professor Victor Nurcombe predicts that most births will occur outside the body within a few decades and within 10 years, all babies will be scanned at birth for pre-disposition to disease… read more
Physicists have made a new type of ultra-precise laser pointer by “squeezing” a beam in two directions. They are able to position the beam with a precision of 1.6 Angstroms, almost 1.5 times better than the theoretical limit for a conventional laser.
The team now hopes to exploit the technique in atomic force microscopy, measurements of refractive index and studies of molecules in living cells.
News tip: Walter… read more
A new class of “chemically assembled electronic nanotechnology” (CAEN) electronics devices will be low power and defect-tolerant, provide up to one billion switches on a square centimeter, and be made using chemical self-assembly techniques instead of photolithography.
“Google Hacks: 100 Industrial-Strength Tips and Tools,” by Tara Calishain and Rael Dornfest (O’Reilly & Associates), is the latest resource in a growing industry to help people become better online searchers. It catalogs ways to uncover nuggets of information.
Other rich sources include resourceshelf.freepint.com, searchengineshowdown.com, searchenginewatch.com, and www.researchbuzz.com.
The blackout and the worm underscore a far-reaching challenge in managing modern technological societies: the difficulty of reaping the benefits of networks while minimizing their vulnerabilities.
The blackout, the MSBlast worm and the SoBig virus circulating on the Internet this week were similar, causing disruption by generating excess traffic in systems that cannot handle it.
The latest target for space robots is Mars, where two orbiters, a pair of twin rovers and one lander are expected to arrive at the end of this year.
In the future, robots may accompany astronauts to Mars or elsewhere, serving as assistants for base construction and other tasks, or as a precursor to set up habitation and science bases before humans even get there.
A self-healing military reconnaissance robot being developed can keep moving even if it gets damaged on the battlefield.
When any of the snake-like robot’s shape-memory-alloy “muscle” segments are damaged, genetic-algorithm software “evolves” a different way for it to wriggle across any terrain.
Ray Kurzweil, noted inventor, software developer and futurist, will present his work on “the law of accelerating returns” and debate its merits with biologist Michael Denton and innovation theorist Ilkka Tuomi at Accelerating Change ’03.
Twenty-four prominent thinkers will offer their insights from across a broad spectrum of cutting edge disciplines, such as biological computing, nanotech, cosmology, and futurism.
John Koza (Genetic Programming IV: Human-Competitive Machine… read more
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency thinks Moore’s Law will remain viable for about a decade and is investigating a variety of alternative chip technologies beyond that.
These include alternative manufacturing processes, photonics, MEMS, and carbon nanotubes.