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DNA as Destiny

October 17, 2002

Personalized medicine current being developed prefigures a day when everyone’s genome will be deposited on a chip or stored on a gene card tucked into a wallet.

Physicians will forecast illnesses and prescribe preventive drugs custom-fitted to a patient’s DNA, rather than the one-size-fits-all pharmaceuticals that people take today. Gene cards might also be used to find that best-suited career, or a DNA-compatible mate, or, more darkly, to deny… read more

Inventors forecast 21st century innovations at Patent & Trademarks Office bicentennial

October 16, 2002

Oct. 16 – What do inventors expect to see in the 21st century? That was the key question today in a round table discussion with National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees and Richard Russell, Associate Director of Technology at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, at the U.S. Department of Commerce in Washington DC.

The inductees, some of the world’s greatest living inventors, gathered… read more

Deep Fritz fights back in chess challenge

October 15, 2002

Deep Fritz defeated world chess champion Vladimir Kramnik on Sunday in game five of a million-dollar contest. The world champion still leads by three points to two in the eight-game series.

What to Wear: Why Not a Computer?

October 15, 2002

Wearable computers are especially well suited for disabled people. Under development: a universal control interface that would allow cell phones, PDAs and wearable control systems read simple hand gestures to control a wide variety of devices; small head-mounted visual displays to provide on-the-fly captioning to manage a variety of devices with wireless connections; tele-health systems for monitoring real-time vital signs in patients; and “way-finding systems,” which use a global positioning… read more

How High Tech Is Operating on Medicine

October 14, 2002

Doctors and machines that move as one, pacemakers that collect and transmit data, seamless treatment-support systems…

Race for the $1000 genome is on

October 14, 2002

In less than a decade, people will be able to get their own genomes sequenced for about $1000, leading to a whole new industry of personal genomics.

Software predicts user behavior to stop attacks

October 14, 2002

New computer-monitoring software designed to second-guess the intentions of individual system users could be 94 per cent reliable in preventing security breaches, say researchers.

The software generates a profile for each individual on a network by analyzing the specific commands they enter at their terminal. It then monitors their activity and sounds the alarm on detecting suspicious behavior.

China poised to take over world’s manufacturing

October 13, 2002

China is poised to take over the world’s manufacturing; individuals outside of China will be displaced on a large scale, according to the Oct. 11 Gilder Friday Letter from Gilder Publishing.

Reasons: some 18 million people enter the work force each year, typical wages are 60 cents a day, 700,000 engineers a year are trained and paid $4,800 to $8,800 a year, and there’s a “high-pitched level… read more

Darwin’s Theory May Explain Ill Health

October 11, 2002

Professor Randolph Nesse believes that conditions like heart disease, obesity and drug abuse can all be explained by the fact that the human body was not designed for the 21st Century. Nesse, professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan, is one of the leading proponents of evolutionary or Darwinian medicine. Evolutionary medicine examines why some diseases still exist. According to Nesse, our bodies are designed to like things that… read more

20/20 Vision Awards honor Kurzweil, other innovative leaders

October 11, 2002

Ray Kurzweil has been included in CIO magazine’s 20/20 Vision Awards, which “honor outstanding individuals…20 creators and marketers of technology, and 20 practitioners who use IT to make great things happen.”
Kurzweil “created various artificial intelligence technologies, including speech recognition software used by doctors to dictate medical reports into a computer. Showing his range of vision, Kurzweil is currently at work on a book about reversing the aging process.… read more

Pentagon gives university $35.5 million to combat cyberterrorism

October 11, 2002

The Defense Department is giving Carnegie Mellon University $35.5 million to develop tools and tactics for fighting cyberterrorism.

The center is researching ways to build AI into hardware so that components such as disk drives could take countermeasures in a hacker attack, shutting down or automatically reporting an incident to network administrators.

CMU researchers are also studying how to use signatures, fingerprints, iris patterns, face recognition technology and… read more

Bugs trained to build circuit

October 11, 2002

Researchers are developing bacteria to form nanoscale microbial machines that could eventually repair wounds or build microscopic electrical circuits.

Researchers at the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute in Ibaraki, Japan trained the bacterium Acetobacter xylinum to exude ribbons of cellulose, a biological building material, laying down strips at a rate of 4,000ths of a millimetre per minute.

They are also exploring the use of genetically modified bacteria… read more

Imprinted patterns boost hard drive capacity 200 times

October 11, 2002

A new magnetic data storage system could offer 200 times the data storage capacity of current state-of-the-art systems. The magnetic film, devised by IBM researchers, stores 200 gigabytes per square inch.

The technology, which requires further development before commercialization, magnetizes bits on the thin-film recording medium perpendicular to the film surface instead of parallel, doing away with flipped magnetic fields from neighboring magnetic fields. It also writes data on… read more

Taking a Clinical Look at Human Emotions

October 9, 2002

Previously, brain studies tended to bypass phenomena that are difficult to measure, like emotions and the unconscious. NYU prof. of neuroscience Dr. Joseph LeDoux, in his laboratory, began finding ways to study how the brain processes emotions.

Jealous? Maybe It’s Genetic. Maybe Not.

October 9, 2002

New research indicates that sex differences in studies of jealousy by evolutionary psychologists are spurious, an artifact of the particular method used in those studies.

They suggest that, rather than representing a hard-wired psychological mechanism for promoting reproduction, jealousy could have evolved in each sex for some more general purpose — for example, protecting social bonds in a very social species.

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