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Why Did Honda Build a Humanoid Robot That Meets With the Vatican’s Approval?

September 4, 2001

The Vatican has assured Honda Motors that the Church won’t complain about its two-legged four-foot robot named Asimo, which can walk, dance, shake hands and speak, but has no brain (AI functions).

So what else can it do? Honda plans to rent the robot as a guide in museums or to perform at weddings, and robots may someday sweep landmines, serve as seeing-eye dogs or work in nuclear-power plants.… read more

Why Computers Can’t Kill Post-Its

January 23, 2009

MIT researchers argue that computers need to become as easy to use as Post-it notes, and have developed a Firefox browser add-on called List-it that attempts to achieve the ease of use of Post-it notes.

We’re giving List-it a test here at KurzweilAI.net. – Ed.

Why computers are like the weather

July 12, 2005

The behavior of the complex microchips that drive modern computers is inherently unpredictable and chaotic, researchers at the National Research Institute for Information and Automation in Orsay, France have found.

Why compressive sensing will change the world

March 17, 2009

A new Rice University-developed technicque for sampling signals produces 5-megapixel 2D images compressed into 50KB JPEG images using a single pixel — the image is reflected off a randomized array of micromirrors before being focused onto the single pixel.

Why complex life probably evolved only once

October 22, 2010

The universe may be teeming with simple cells like bacteria, but more complex life is probably very rare. Whenever simple cells start to become more complex, they run into problems generating enough energy, say Nick Lane of University College London and Bill Martin of the University of Dusseldorf.

Why China is poised to streak ahead of the West

May 30, 2005

China’s doing things the rest of us don’t even know about, and unless we change quickly they will streak past us, futurist Frank Ogden, aka Dr. Tomorrow, says.

“They are speeding ahead in so many areas because they have the ability to get big things done very quickly. They’re very smart, they think differently from us, and they have no restrictions on anything.

We also have to learn… read more

Why children watch multi-screens

August 4, 2011

Researchers at the University of Bristol and Loughborough University have examined the relationship children have with electronic viewing devices and their habits of interacting with more than one at a time.

Questioning 10–11 year olds, the researchers found that the children enjoyed looking at more than one screen at a time. They used a second device to fill in breaks during their entertainment, often… read more

Why carbon-nanotube fibers make ideal implantable brain electrodes

March 26, 2015

Pairs of carbon nanotube fibers have been tested for potential use as implantable electrodes to treat patients with neurological disorders like Parkinson's disease. The fibers invented at Rice University proved to be far better than metallic wires now used to stimulate neurons in the brain. (Credit: the Pasquali Lab)

Rice University scientists have found that the carbon nanotube fibers they developed for aerospace are superior to metal and plain-carbon electrodes for deep brain stimulation for neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s and for brain-machine interfaces to neural circuits in the brain.

The individual nanotubes measure only a few nanometers across, but when millions are bundled in a process called wet spinning, they become thread-like fibers about a… read more

Why cancer rate increases with age (not mutations)

July 3, 2012

(Credit: iStockphoto)

It is the changing features of tissue in old age that promote higher cancer rates in the elderly, not the accumulation of cancer-causing mutations, concludes a University of Colorado Cancer Center review.

“If you look at Mick Jagger in 1960 compared to Mick Jagger today, it’s obvious that his tissue landscape has changed,” says James DeGregori, PhD, investigator at the University of Colorado Cancer Center and… read more

Why Athletes Are Geniuses

May 12, 2010

Neuroscientists have begun to catalog some fascinating differences between average brains and the brains of great athletes, who need to make complicated decisions in a flash.

The qualities that set a great athlete apart from the rest of us is that they learn how to make sense of a new situation sooner and are able to rewire their brains according to certain rules. As neuroscientists decipher those rules, they… read more

Why artificial general intelligence has failed and how to fix it

October 4, 2012

(Credit: iStockphoto)

The field of “artificial general intelligence” or AGI has made no progress whatever during the entire six decades of its existence, says Oxford University physicist David Deutsch in this abridged version of an essay in aeon magazine. — Ed.

It is uncontroversial that the human brain has capabilities that are, in some respects, far superior to those of all other known objects in the cosmos. It is the… read more

Why AI is a dangerous dream

September 1, 2009

AI is a dangerous myth that could lead to a dystopian future of unintelligent, unfeeling robot carers and soldiers, but there is no evidence that machines will ever overtake us or gain sentience, says Noel Sharkey, professor of artificial intelligence and robotics at the University of Sheffield.

Why aging reduces immune system function

December 7, 2004

Oregon Health & Science University scientists have found that human T cell diversity fades with age, potentially resulting in a higher susceptibility to disease.

In old age the population of CD8 T cells — cells that recognize and destroy abnormal or infected cells and suppress the activity of other white blood cells to protect normal tissue — is dominated by less effective T cells. This results in an immune… read more

Why A.I. Is Brain-Dead

July 16, 2003

“There is no computer that has common sense,” says Marvin Minsky. “We’re only getting the kinds of things that are capable of making an airline reservation. No computer can look around a room and tell you about it.”

AI’s biggest deficiency right now: “The lack of people with an interest in commonsense reasoning for computers…it’s hard to get 10 capable people.”

Asked to “Pick one: Bill Joy or… read more

Why a hydrogen economy doesn’t make sense

December 12, 2006

In a recent study, fuel cell expert Ulf Bossel explains that a hydrogen economy is a wasteful economy. In contrast, in an efficient “electron economy” most energy would be distributed with highest efficiency by electricity and the shortest route in an existing infrastructure.

The large amount of energy required to isolate hydrogen from natural compounds (water, natural gas, biomass), package the light gas by compression or liquefaction, transfer the… read more

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