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Allen donates $100 million to help decipher the brain

September 16, 2003

Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen has donated $100 million to launch a private research organization in Seattle devoted to deciphering the links between our genes and our brain.

Allen is expected to formally announce the creation of the Allen Institute for Brain Science and its inaugural project, the “Allen Brain Atlas,” on Tuesday. The atlas aims to identify 10,000 genes per year; it will actually model the mouse brain, which… read more

Allen Institute for Brain Science launches Allen Human Brain Atlas

May 25, 2010

The Allen Institute for Brain Science has launched the Allen Human Brain Atlas, a publicly available online atlas charting genes at work throughout the human brain.

The data provided in this initial data release represent the most extensive and detailed body of information about gene activity in the human brain to date, documenting which genes are expressed, or “turned on,” where.

The Allen Human Brain Atlas, available at… read more

Allen’s newest venture for a galaxy far, far away

October 11, 2007

Today, Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen will join scientists from SETI – the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence – to unveil the first major telescope devoted full time to answering the question: Is anyone out there?

The first mission for the Allen Telescope Array will be to scan several billion stars across a vast swath of our own Milky Way galaxy, said astronomer Seth Shostak, of the SETI Institute in Mountain… read more

Alligator blood proteins may fight antibiotic-resistant infections

April 8, 2008

Louisiana State University and McNeese State University researchers have found that proteins in alligator blood may provide a source of new antibiotics to help fight infections.

Alligators have an unusually strong immune system that is very different from that of humans. It fights microorganisms such as fungi, viruses, and bacteria without having prior exposure to them.

Proteins extracted from their white blood cells (leucocytes) killed a wide range… read more

Alloy and catalyst allow for low-cost generation of hydrogen from water and air-stable, reusable storage

August 31, 2011

(credit: University of Kentucky)

Using state-of-the-art theoretical computations, scientists from the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville have developed an inexpensive semiconductor material can be tweaked to generate hydrogen from water using sunlight.

They demonstrated that an alloy formed by antimony (Sb) and gallium nitride (GaN) has the right electrical properties to enable solar light energy to split… read more

Alloy Holds Out Promise of Speedier Memory Chip

December 11, 2006

Scientists at IBM and two partner companies have developed a material that could lead to a new kind of computer memory chip that is more than 500 times as fast as today’s flash chips and just 3 nanometers high by 20 nanometers wide, offering the promise that the technology can be shrunk to smaller dimensions than could be attained by flash manufacturers.

The compounds, known as GST, or germanium-antimony-tellurium… read more

Almaden Institute’s ‘Cognitive Computing’ videos available online

June 5, 2006

Videos and presentations are now available online for IBM Almaden Institute’s 2006 “Cognitive Computing” conference, which examined scientific and technological issues around the quest to understand how the human brain works and how and when can we mechanize cognition.

Speakers included Toby Berger (Cornell), Gerald Edelman (The Neurosciences Institute), Joaquin Fuster (UCLA), Jeff Hawkins (Palm/Numenta), Robert Hecht-Nielsen (UCSD), Christof Koch (CalTech), Henry Markram (EPFL/BlueBrain), V. S. Ramachandran… read more

Almost Human, and Sometimes Smarter

April 17, 2007

Chimps display a remarkable range of behavior and talent. They make and use simple tools, hunt in groups and engage in aggressive, violent acts. They are social creatures that appear to be capable of empathy, altruism, self-awareness, cooperation in problem solving and learning through example and experience. Chimps even outperform humans in some memory tasks.

Alpha Lipoic acid explored as an anti-aging compound

May 22, 2007

Researchers have identified the mechanism of action of lipoic acid, a remarkable compound that in animal experiments appears to slow down the process of aging, improve blood flow, enhance immune function and perform many other functions.

ALS patient hopes to be cryopreserved

By Christine Gaspar
June 17, 2013

Aaron Winborn

I would like to introduce you to Aaron Winborn. It was his birthday this week. He just turned 46.

He has a wife named Gwen, a daughter Ashlin, age 9, and another daughter Sabina, age 3. He is an open-source software developer, author of the book Drupal Multimedia, and community activist.

At the age of 43, he was diagnosed with an aggressive form of… read more

Altering stem cells to make growth factors needed for replacement tissue inside the body

February 21, 2014

stem_cells_scaffold

By combining a synthetic scaffolding material with gene delivery techniques to direct stem cells into becoming new cartilage, Duke University researchers are getting closer to being able to generate replacement cartilage where it’s needed in the body.

Performing tissue repair with stem cells typically requires applying copious amounts of growth factor proteins — a task that is very expensive and becomes challenging once the developing material is… read more

Alternate Reality Games Grab Mindshare

March 17, 2003

ARGs or Alternate Reality Games are immersive experiences that mix real world clues, phone calls, voicemail, email chatterbots, real people playing roles in real life and bogus and legit websites. The objective: a fully rounded gaming experience that bleeds over into everyday life. They could also have real-world applications like group dynamics and problem solving.

Alternate Reality Video Games Blur Many Lines

March 1, 2005

“Alternate-reality gaming” — an obsession-inspiring genre that blends real-life treasure hunting, interactive storytelling, coded web sites, video games and online community — may, incidentally, be one of the most powerful guerrilla marketing mechanisms ever invented.

Alternative Energy Trends and Implications for GCC Countries

September 6, 2008

Masdar City aims to be the first carbon neutral city in the world, using solar power, ecological architecture with passive energy balance and high energy efficiency, extensive recycling of waste, and a modern system of public transportation.

According to Masdar officials, the total projected investment for Masdar City is $22 billion, including $15 billion for Masdar renewable energy projects. People will start to move in by 2010 and the… read more

‘Altruistic’ brain region found

January 23, 2007

Using brain scans, Duke University Medical Center researchers have found that altruism appears to be linked to an area of the brain called the posterior superior temporal sulcus.

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