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Scandinavian scientists designing robotic snakes

June 26, 2008

The Sintef Group of Trondheim, Norway is designing a robot modeled on snakes to inspect and clean complicated industrial pipe systems that are typically narrow and inaccessible to humans.

The intelligent robots have multiple joints to enable them to twist vertically and climb up through pipe systems to locate leaks in water systems, inspect oil and gas pipelines, and clean ventilation systems.

Scanner ‘reads minds’ to spot early signs of dementia (article preview)

November 4, 2008

New software helps non-specialists diagnose dementia from PET scans by comparing a scan of activity levels in a patient’s brain — revealed by the rate at which the brain takes up a radioactive glucose substitute that shows up on the scan — with a database.

Scanning with robots

March 15, 2005

Engineers at Imperial College’s mechatronics in medicine laboratory are developing a robot system to allow more accurate biopsies to be taken within the cramped conditions of an MRI chamber.

The extremely strong magnetic fields generated by MRI scanners rule out the use of motors to operate the robot. So the team is investigating the use of piezo-ceramic actuators, which deflect when a voltage is applied to them, allowing them… read more

Scanning your home with kinect could improve 3D robot vision

August 29, 2012

kinect-at-home

Seeking a way to crowdsource better computer vision, roboticists have launched a website that allows users to record pieces of their environments in 3-D with a Kinect camera, Wired Science reports.

Called Kinect@Home, the open-source and browser-based effort remains in its infancy. Users have uploaded only a few dozen models of their living room couches, kitchen countertops and themselves.

Should the project catch on,… read more

Scanning Your Money to the Bank

February 8, 2008

Fiserv, the big transaction services company, has announced new software that will enable banks to let home users deposit checks by scanning them.

Scans of brain networks may help predict injury’s effects

March 24, 2010

Clinicians may be able to better predict the effects of strokes and other brain injuries by adapting an MRI scanning method called “resting-state functional connectivity” (FC), which assesses the health of brain networks that let multiple parts of the brain collaborate.

ScanSoft updates voice software

May 19, 2004

ScanSoft has announced a new version of its OpenSpeech Recognizer software with improved natural-language capabilities that lets users speak in full sentences, improves name recognition, and recognizes 40 languages.

The software also has learning capabilities, so it gets better at recognizing and interpreting an accent the more it encounters it.

Scarcity of new energy minerals will trigger trade wars: geologists

November 2, 2010

A lot of rare metals are needed to make photovoltaic panels, rare earth magnets for wind generators, fuel cells and high-capacity batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles. But most industrialized nations, including the United States, are almost entirely dependent on foreign sources for those metals. The only way this is going to change is if there is more domestic exploration and mining, say geologists.

“There’s a misunderstanding in the… read more

Schizophrenia as Misstep by Giant Gene

April 18, 2006

Researchers have made progress in understanding how a variant gene, neuregulin-1, linked to schizophrenia may exert its influence in the brain.

Schmidhuber to do AMA (Ask Me Anything) on reddit /r/MachineLearning

March 1, 2015

jurgen-schmidhuber

Jürgen Schmidhuber, Director of the Swiss Artificial Intelligence Lab (IDSIA), will do an AMA (Ask Me Anything) on reddit/r/MachineLearning on Wednesday March 4, 2015 at 10 AM EST. You can post questions now in advance in this thread.

A key figure in AI in Europe and noted for his quirky sense of humor, Schmidhuber’s ideas and writing have been featuredread more

Scholars debate whether to limit scientific research

December 30, 2005

A conference titled “Forbidding Science? Balancing Freedom, Security, Innovation and Precaution” will explore whether scientific research should be restricted – and, if so, how far “too far” might be.

It will include research controversies in the areas of pathogens and toxins, nanotechnology and cognitive enhancement and will be held Jan. 12 – 13 at Arizona State University in Tempe.

Source: Arizona State University news release

Schoolchildren can learn complex subjects on their own

August 15, 2011

Educational researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have found that schoolchildren can independently develop strategies for solving complex mathematical tasks, with weaker students proving just as capable as their stronger classmates.

Researchers in mathematics education worked with approximately 1600 8th grade high-school students in various German states. Following an introduction to the general topic by their teachers, the school children were given a… read more

Schoolchildren to be RFID-chipped

July 12, 2004

School children in Osaka, Japan will be required to wear or carry RFID chips to track their movements.

Schrödinger’s cat comes closer

October 1, 2003

Scientists have described a scheme for achieving quantum superposition of states in an object with around a hundred trillion atoms. This is about a billion times larger than anything demonstrated previously.

In the proposed experiment, a photon effectively follows both paths at once, using mirrors.

Schwarzenegger tours NASA/Ames to tout agency’s fire-fighting technology

July 15, 2008

NASA/Ames Research Center researchers are taking data from a remotely controlled airplane and delivering real-time infrared images of hot spots and flare-ups to fire commanders on the ground.

The $6 million Ikhana aircraft has an onboard sensor that can look through the smoke and detect temperatures ranging from one-half degree to 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Ikhana sends images through a communications satellite to NASA/Ames, where the imagery is superimposed over… read more

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