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Software Out There

April 7, 2006

Blocks of interchangeable software components are proliferating on the Web and developers are joining them together to create a potentially infinite array of useful new programs.

This new software represents a marked departure from the inflexible, at times unwieldy, programs of the past, which were designed to run on individual computers.

Software paraphrases sentences

December 4, 2003

Researchers at Cornell University have combined on-line journalism and computational biology to make it possible to automatically paraphrase whole sentences. The method could eventually allow computers to more easily process natural language, produce paraphrases that could be used in machine translation, and help people who have trouble reading certain types of sentences.

The researchers’ system uses word-based clustering methods to identify sets of text that have a high degree… read more

Software predicts tomorrow’s news by analyzing today’s and yesterday’s

February 4, 2013

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Prototype software can give early warnings of disease or violence outbreaks by spotting clues in news reports.

Researchers have created software that predicts when and where disease outbreaks might occur, based on two decades of New York Times articles and other online data. The research comes from Microsoft and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, MIT Technology Review reports.

The system could someday help aid organizations and… read more

Software predicts user behavior to stop attacks

October 14, 2002

New computer-monitoring software designed to second-guess the intentions of individual system users could be 94 per cent reliable in preventing security breaches, say researchers.

The software generates a profile for each individual on a network by analyzing the specific commands they enter at their terminal. It then monitors their activity and sounds the alarm on detecting suspicious behavior.

Software Progress Beats Moore’s Law

March 8, 2011

A report by an independent group of science and technology advisers to the White House, published last December, cited research showing that performance gains in doing computing tasks that result from improvements in software algorithms often far outpace the gains attributable to faster processors.

The report cited a study of progress over a 15-year span on a benchmark production-planning task. Over that time, the speed of completing… read more

Software shares out spare processing power

December 21, 2003

The author of SETI@home has created a new system that will make it possible to run several distributed computing projects on a single computer and let you specify what proportion of the computer’s resources is donated to each project.

The Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) acts like a software platform that can run a number of screen-saver-style applications on top of the PC’s own operating system. The… read more

Software sorts out subjectivity

November 19, 2004

Cornell University rearchers have devised a way to improve sentiment (author attitude) classification that sidesteps having to deal with meaning by instead concentrating on context. Their method weeds out neutral sentences.

The method could be used to automate the maintenance of review-aggregation sites (to extract ratings for movie reviews, for example), by search engines to sort or filter results by viewpoint, to track changes in attitudes toward a given… read more

Software Taming Gene Data Pool

February 3, 2005

New software is making it easier for researchers to search and pool the massive amount of data generated by microarray technologies — which consist of silicon chips that light up to reveal active genes, allowing researchers to see which genes are being expressed and how.

Software taps power of graphics processors

May 18, 2010

A research team from North Carolina State University has developed compiler software that could make it easier for traditional software programs to take advantage of graphics processing units (GPUs).

They found that standard programs translated by their compiler ran approximately 30 percent more quickly than those optimized by GPU developers.

The CPU from an average computer has about 10 gigaflops of computing power, or 10 billion operations per… read more

Software That Learns by Doing

February 8, 2006

Attempts to create self-improving software date to the 1960s. But machine learning has remained mostly the province of academic researchers, with only a few niche applications in the commercial world, such as speech recognition and credit card fraud detection.

Now, researchers say, better algorithms, more powerful computers and a few clever tricks will move it further into the mainstream.

Software that Learns by Watching

May 19, 2010

KarDo, new software designed by MIT researchers to watch and learn as IT support staff carry out common tasks, could automatically perform the same jobs across different computers.

Software That Learns from Users

November 30, 2007

CALO (“cognitive assistant that learns and organizes”), a massive, four-year-old AI project to help computers understand the intentions of their human users, tries to assist users in three ways: by helping them manage information about key people and projects, by understanding and organizing information from meetings, and by learning and automating routine tasks.

The goal is to build an artificial intelligence that can serve as a personal assistant for… read more

Software That Opens Worlds to the Disabled

December 23, 2008

One computer program would allow vision-impaired shoppers to point their cellphones at supermarket shelves and hear descriptions of products and prices. Another would allow a physically disabled person to guide a computer mouse using brain waves and eye movements.

The two programs were among those created by eight groups of volunteers at a two-day software-writing competition this fall at the University of Southern California, named Project:Possibility.

Software That Organizes Intelligently

December 3, 2007

A soon-to-be-released product called Smart Desktop, from a division of Seattle-based company Pi Corporation, aims to help people sort that information automatically and intelligently, unifying the information into a single view.

Software to construct everything with LEGO pieces

October 7, 2013

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Romain Testuz. a student of the Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Geometrics (LGG) at EPFL, has developed software that automatically transforms a three-dimensional image into bricks and simplifies the challenge of construction by proposing a comprehensive plan of the parts to be used at each level.

To overcome structural weaknesses, Testuz used graph theory, representing each piece by a node and each connection by… read more

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