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Software learns new words from Wikipedia

September 6, 2006

A program that works out the meaning of newly coined words using the online encyclopedia Wikipedia could help machines understand the slang used in blogs and other informal texts.

The program, called Zeitgeist, hunts through Wikipedia looking for entries about new words that do not appear in an online resource called WordNet, an official linguistics tool that is both a dictionary and a thesaurus.

Software learns to translate by reading up

February 23, 2005

Translation software that develops an understanding of languages by scanning through thousands of previously translated documents has been developed by Information Sciences Institute.

It takes a statistical approach, building probabilistic rules about words, phrases and syntactic structures.

The translated documents used to teach the translation algorithms can be electronic, on paper, or even audio files. The developer says the system is not only faster than other methods, but… read more

Software lets programmers code hands-free

April 26, 2006

VoiceCode, a new speech-recognition tool, promises to let programmers write clean code without ever having to lay a finger on their keyboard.

It has been developed to help programmers with repetitive strain injury

Software links chatbots to OpenCyc inference engine

April 19, 2004

New software called CyN allows you to talk to the OpenCyc commonsense inference engine from AIML chatbots.

A chatbot is a program with human-like personality that allows for natural-language conversations with computers. OpenCyc is the open-source version of Cyc technology, the world’s largest and most complete general knowledge base and commonsense reasoning engine. AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language) is an XML type… read more

Software Out There

April 7, 2006

Blocks of interchangeable software components are proliferating on the Web and developers are joining them together to create a potentially infinite array of useful new programs.

This new software represents a marked departure from the inflexible, at times unwieldy, programs of the past, which were designed to run on individual computers.

Software paraphrases sentences

December 4, 2003

Researchers at Cornell University have combined on-line journalism and computational biology to make it possible to automatically paraphrase whole sentences. The method could eventually allow computers to more easily process natural language, produce paraphrases that could be used in machine translation, and help people who have trouble reading certain types of sentences.

The researchers’ system uses word-based clustering methods to identify sets of text that have a high degree… read more

Software predicts tomorrow’s news by analyzing today’s and yesterday’s

February 4, 2013

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Prototype software can give early warnings of disease or violence outbreaks by spotting clues in news reports.

Researchers have created software that predicts when and where disease outbreaks might occur, based on two decades of New York Times articles and other online data. The research comes from Microsoft and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, MIT Technology Review reports.

The system could someday help aid organizations and… read more

Software predicts user behavior to stop attacks

October 14, 2002

New computer-monitoring software designed to second-guess the intentions of individual system users could be 94 per cent reliable in preventing security breaches, say researchers.

The software generates a profile for each individual on a network by analyzing the specific commands they enter at their terminal. It then monitors their activity and sounds the alarm on detecting suspicious behavior.

Software Progress Beats Moore’s Law

March 8, 2011

A report by an independent group of science and technology advisers to the White House, published last December, cited research showing that performance gains in doing computing tasks that result from improvements in software algorithms often far outpace the gains attributable to faster processors.

The report cited a study of progress over a 15-year span on a benchmark production-planning task. Over that time, the speed of completing… read more

Software shares out spare processing power

December 21, 2003

The author of SETI@home has created a new system that will make it possible to run several distributed computing projects on a single computer and let you specify what proportion of the computer’s resources is donated to each project.

The Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) acts like a software platform that can run a number of screen-saver-style applications on top of the PC’s own operating system. The… read more

Software sorts out subjectivity

November 19, 2004

Cornell University rearchers have devised a way to improve sentiment (author attitude) classification that sidesteps having to deal with meaning by instead concentrating on context. Their method weeds out neutral sentences.

The method could be used to automate the maintenance of review-aggregation sites (to extract ratings for movie reviews, for example), by search engines to sort or filter results by viewpoint, to track changes in attitudes toward a given… read more

Software Taming Gene Data Pool

February 3, 2005

New software is making it easier for researchers to search and pool the massive amount of data generated by microarray technologies — which consist of silicon chips that light up to reveal active genes, allowing researchers to see which genes are being expressed and how.

Software taps power of graphics processors

May 18, 2010

A research team from North Carolina State University has developed compiler software that could make it easier for traditional software programs to take advantage of graphics processing units (GPUs).

They found that standard programs translated by their compiler ran approximately 30 percent more quickly than those optimized by GPU developers.

The CPU from an average computer has about 10 gigaflops of computing power, or 10 billion operations per… read more

Software That Learns by Doing

February 8, 2006

Attempts to create self-improving software date to the 1960s. But machine learning has remained mostly the province of academic researchers, with only a few niche applications in the commercial world, such as speech recognition and credit card fraud detection.

Now, researchers say, better algorithms, more powerful computers and a few clever tricks will move it further into the mainstream.

Software that Learns by Watching

May 19, 2010

KarDo, new software designed by MIT researchers to watch and learn as IT support staff carry out common tasks, could automatically perform the same jobs across different computers.

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