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TiVo to Feature Web Video

January 8, 2008

TiVo Inc. said Monday its subscribers will soon be able to select video from the Web for playback on televisions through its digital video recording service, building on its strategy to extend its DVR beyond regular TV.

If the FCC Had Regulated the Internet

December 28, 2010

In January 1993, idle regulators at the FCC belatedly discover the burgeoning world of online services…. The FCC immediately determines that the lack of interoperability among the online systems harms consumers and orders that each company submit a technical framework by January 1994 under which all online companies will unify to one shared technology in the near future….

In late 1993, AOL and Delphi become the first online services… read more

US to outlaw corporate prejudice based on genes

May 6, 2007

Soon it will be illegal to deny US citizens jobs or insurance simply because they have an inherited illness, or a genetic predisposition to a particular disease.

On 25 April, the House of Representatives voted 420 to 3 to pass the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA). The Senate is expected to endorse the act within a few weeks, which is also supported by President Bush

Photonic chips go 3D

July 30, 2004

Research teams from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and from Kyoto University have succeeded in making practical photonic crystal chips.

The techniques could be used to make smaller, more efficient communications devices; create optical memory and quantum computing and communications devices; develop new types of lasers and biological and chemical sensors; and could ultimately lead to all-optical computer processors.

Restoring Sight

May 29, 2009
(Steve Gschmeissner/Photo Researchers)

Scientists aim to treat retinitis pigmentosa by developing novel gene therapies using channelrhodopsin-2 (a light-sensitive protein derived from algae) and similar tools to make different retinal cells, such as bipolar cells (shown in pink in the middle section of the photo), responsive to light.

Scientists believe that channelrhodopsin targeted toward different cell types could ultimately treat a broader range of diseases, including Parkinson’s and epilepsy.

Crash Warning System Monitors Nearby Traffic And Warns Of Possible Collisions

January 14, 2008

European researchers have demonstrated a software-based collision warning system for cars that could alert the driver several seconds in advance of an impact.

The Collision Warning System prototype finds the position, speed and trajectory of neighboring and oncoming traffic using GPS and the Vehicle2Vehicle (V2V) car communication protocol.

Silicon-based ‘spintronics’ device developed

May 17, 2007

Researchers have for the first time shown that they can inject spin-polarized electrons into silicon, manipulate them, and measure them coming out the other side.

The development of a working silicon device that can manipulate the spin of electrons could lead to smaller, faster and more efficient computers.

Britain Grants License to Make Human Embryos for Stem Cells

August 12, 2004

British regulators have issued the country’s first license to use cloning techniques to generate a human embryo to produce stem cells that might be used for the treatment of disease.

Targeting the Brain with Sound Waves

June 4, 2009
(William Tyler, Arizona State University)

Ultrasonic waves could one day be used as a noninvasive alternative to deep-brain stimulation (DBS) and vagus nerve stimulation in treating neurological disorders, says William Tyler, a neuroscientist at Arizona State University, who has started a company called Supersonix to commercialize the technology.

Nanotubes Help Advance Brain Tumor Research

January 17, 2008

The potential of carbon nanotubes to diagnose and treat brain tumors is being explored through a partnership between NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and City of Hope.

They plan to functionalize and attach inhibitory RNA to nanotubes and deliver it to specific areas of the brain. It could also be used to treat stroke, trauma, neurodegenerative disorders and other disease processes in the brain.

The Singularity: Humanity’s Last Invention?

January 12, 2011

NPR interviewed Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence and Microsoft Research AI researchers for  Tuesday’s “All Things Considered.” (Audio)

A More Robust Grid for Manhattan

May 28, 2007

Supercooled, superconducting power cables are being examined as a way to add redundancy in the cramped quarters of Manhattan’s local power grid, potentially protecting against natural disruptions and terrorist attacks.

Tools design DNA-nanotube logic

August 26, 2004

Researchers have recently begun to use DNA to assemble carbon nanotubes into transistors, the building blocks of computer chips.

Researchers from Duke University are aiming to make the process easier with a suite of computer-aided design (CAD) tools designed to build computer circuits at a density of 2,500 transistors per square micron — about 30 times more closely packed than devices made using current chipmaking technologies.

Stretched neutrinos could span the universe

June 10, 2009

The most massive quantum-mechanical superpositions of three different mass-energy states of “relic” neutrinos produced by the big bang may have slowed down, stretching them across the universe as it expanded, according to calculations by George Fuller and Chad Kishimoto of the University of California, San Diego.

Longest Piece of Synthetic DNA Yet

January 25, 2008

Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute have crafted a bacterial genome from scratch, moving one step closer to creating entirely synthetic life forms–living cells designed and built by humans to carry out a diverse set of tasks ranging from manufacturing biofuels to sequestering carbon dioxide.

They pieced together the genes of Mycoplasma genitalium, the smallest free-living bacterium that can be grown in the laboratory.

The final step… read more

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